Historical Note

Scope and Content

Restrictions on Access

Restrictions on Use

Acquisition Info

Inventory   [ + ]

Subject Terms


Guide to the Records of the American Friends Service Committee, Midwest Branch, Advisory Committee for Evacuees



Accession No.: 4791-001
Creator: American Friends Service Committee. Midwest Branch. Advisory Committee for Evacuees , creator
Title: Records of the American Friends Service Committee, Midwest Branch, Advisory Committee for Evacuees
Date Span: 1942-1963
Bulk: 1942-1945
Quantity: 10 linear ft. (25 boxes)
Languages: Collection materials are in English.
"Alien's Indefinite Leave" card, Minidoka. Special Collections, UW Libraries, UW14752

Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.



Historical Note

In July 1942, the U.S. War Relocation Authority announced a policy that permitted qualified inmates to leave incarceration centers to accept permanent jobs outside of designated war zones. Applicants were required to have a means of support and a place to live. Cities in the Midwest such as Chicago were suddenly faced with finding housing and jobs for a massive influx of Americans of Japanese descent coming from West Coast camps. Local social service agencies began to organize to meet the need, and it soon became apparent that an overall coordinating body was need.

The Midwest Branch of the American Friends Service Committee (a Quaker social service organization) took on this responsibilty by organizing the Advisory Committee for Evacuees. Membership in the committee included representatives from eighteen social service agencies as well as other interested individuals concerned about the problems faced by the displaced Japanese Americans. The committee was chaired by Rolland W. Schloerb of the Chicago Federation of Churches. Edwin G. Morgenroth of the Midwest Branch of the AFSC served as Executive Secretary.

The committee cooperated closely with the War Relocation Authority, which reviewed applications to be released released from the camps and conducted background checks. The AFSC accepted applications for employment and acted as a clearing house for jobs, housing, and educational opportunities. It maintained hostels in Chicago to provide temporary housing for former inmates as they arrived from the camps. The AFSC also attempted to promote community acceptance of displaced Japanese Americans and to minimize problems of adjustment.

Because of the success of this arrangement the War Relocation Authority asked the AFSC at the national level, to perform similar services for college students needing to transfer to schools out of the west-coast war-zone. This resulted in the formation of the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council. The Midwest Branch of the AFSC was also designated as a field office for this organization.

Scope and Content

The records in this collection appear to be from the Executive Director's office of the Advisory Committee for Evacuees. Boxes 1 and 2 and 25 contain minutes of the committee's meetings; correspondence with the War Relocation Authority; correspondence regarding specific programs sponsored by the committee; reports and newsletters of agencies and organizations working with Japanese Americans and files which document the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council's efforts to match nursing students with openings in Chicago-area programs. Boxes 3-24 contain case files (application for housing and employment), and a card file that documents contacts with inividuals (including a narrative account of services provided). Many cards include comments on how individuals were received by the community.

Restrictions on Access

Boxes 1, 2, and 25 are of these records are open to all users. Boxes 3-24 are open only to scholars working in their fields of expertise.

Restrictions on Use

Much of the material consists of case files and contact records that identify individuals by name. Users must guarantee privacy of these individuals in a written agreement. Copying and quotation are permitted for boxes 1 and 2 and 25 only. For additional information, contact the repository.

Acquisition Info

No records document the gift of this material to the University of Washington Libraries. The best guess is that these are the records of the Advisory Committee for Evacuees, possibly formed under the auspices of the American Friends Service Committee at an organizational meeting in Chicago on July 28, 1942. The records are assumed to have come to the University via the Council of Churches of Greater Seattle.


Inventory

  
Box/FolderDate
General Correspondence
1/1Advisory Committee for Evacuees - Consultants on IntegrationJune 1943
1/2-4Advisory Committee for Evacuees - Miscellaneous Jul. 1942 - Jan. 1946
1/5AssimilationMay 1943 - June 1944
1/6-8Christmas Gifts for Tule LakeSept. - Nov. 1942
1/9Gates, IsabelleFeb. - July 1943
1/10-12National Japanese American Student Relocation Council - NursingJuly 1943 - Mar. 1945
1/13Relocation - Community InterpretationMay 1942 - Mar. 1945
1/14-15Relocation - American Friends Service Committee Forms and ProcedureJuly 1942 - June 1943
1/16Relocation - Housing PublicityApr. 1943
1/17-18Relocation Inquiries Out of CityJune 1942 - Aug. 1943
1/19Relocation StudentsMay 1945
1/19Relocation WRA Letter re: Formation of Committee to Assist EvacueesMay 1942 - Feb. 1963

  
Box/FolderDate
Notes
2/1Room and Board Positionsn.d.

  
Box/FolderDate
Minutes
2/2-3Advisory Committee for EvacueesJuly 1942 - Oct. 1943

  
Box/FolderDate
Reports
2/4American Friends Service Committee - Japanese American ResettlementAug. 1, 1945
2/5War Relocation Authority - MiscellaneousDec. 1942
2/6War Relocation Authority - Quarterly ReportJuly - Sept., 1942

  
Box/FolderDate
Case Files
Restrictions on Access: Restricted.
3/1-57A - E1942-1945
4/1-52F - Han1942-1945
5/1-52Har - Ho1942-1945
6/1-54Hor - Ito1942-1945
7/1-63Ito - Ka1942-1945
8/1-66Ki - Kur1942-1945
9/1-65Kuri - Mat1942-1945
10/1-54Mi - Mur1942-1945
11/1-70Nad - Nis1942-1945
12/1-66Nit - Omo1942-1945
13/1-30Ono - P1942-1945
14/1-71Sab - Shin1942-1945
15/1-67Shio - Taka1942-1945
16/1-65Take - Toku1942-1945
17/1-62Tom - Yamag1942-1945
18/1-53Yamam - Z1942-1945

  
Box/FolderDate
Chicago Applications
Restrictions on Access: Restricted.
19/1-17A - I1942-1945
20/1-19K - Mur1942-1945
21/1-22N - Tan1942-1945
22/1-11Te - Z1942-1945

  
BoxDate
File Cards
Restrictions on Access: Restricted.
23A - N1942-1945
24O - Z1942-1945

  
Box/FolderDate
Lists
25/1Representatives Attending Meeting of Advisory Committee for Evacueesn.d.

  
Box/FolderDate
Bulletins
AFSC - Japanese-American Relations Committee
25/2Pacific Coast BranchFeb., Apr., June, 1942
25/2Southern California BranchDec. 1942, Apr. 1943, Apr. 1944
25/2Minorities in the U. S.May 15, 1942
25/3Church Federation BulletinDec. 1942
25/3Federal Council of the Churches of AmericaDec. 6, 1943

  
Periodicals
Methodist Church -The Christian Advocate
Poston Relocation Center -Poston Notes and Activities Apr. 1943
WRA - Field Bulletin - North Central AreaMay 15, 1945

  
Newsletters
WRA - Kansas City Area Relocation OfficeSept. - Nov. 1943
North Central AreaMay 1944

  
Newssheets
WRA - National Japanese American Student Relocation CouncilJan. 1945 - June 1945

  
Box/FolderDate
News Releases
25/9WRA - Office of War Information re: Tule Lake

  
Box/FolderDate
Newspapers
Japanese American Citizens League
25/10 Pacific Citizen Dec. 18, 1943, Oct. 7, 1944
25/10 Heart Mountain Sentinel Nov. 27,1943

  
Box/FolderDate
Clippings
25/11Miscellaneous1942-1943

  
Box/FolderDate
Ephemera
25/12Nursing1942-1944
25/13Miscellaneous1943-1945

  
Box/FolderDate
Folio of Drawings
25/14Prints after Sketches of Relocation Centers by Henry Fukuhaba

Subject Terms

Organizations:
American Friends Service Committee. Midwest Branch. Advisory Committee for Evacuees--Archives.
National Japanese American Student Relocation Council.
United States. War Relocation Authority.
Subjects:
Japanese Americans--Education--East (U.S.)
Japanese Americans--Employment--East (U.S.)
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Japanese Americans--Housing--Illinois--Chicago.
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans.
World War, 1939-1945--War work--Society of Friends.
Geographic Names:
Chicago (Ill.)--Emigration and immigration--Social aspects.
Genre Headings:
Prints.
Last modified: June 30, 2006
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