Historical Background

Scope and Content

Digital Content

Restrictions on Access

Restrictions on Use

Processing Info

Inventory   [ + ]

Subject Terms


Guide to the Photographs of George W. Carmack



PH Collection No.: 692
Title: Photographs of George W. Carmack
Date Span: 1896-1927
Quantity: 13 photographic prints (2 folders)
Location: K0900
Languages: Collection materials are in English.
George W. Carmack. Special Collections, UW Libraries, UW2745




Historical Background

After deserting the United States Marine Corps in 1882, George Washington Carmack (1860-1922) settled in the Yukon Territories among the Tagish Indians with his common-law wife Kate and their daughter Graphie. Kate's brother Skookum Jim Mason, a Tagish Indian, and Tagish Charlie, Jim's nephew, were George's mining partners and also made their fortunes mining for gold.

George Carmack and several friends, including Skookum Jim, went up the Klondike River to Rabbit Creek looking for gold in 1896. Carmack was officially credited for the discovery of gold on Rabbit (later Bonanza) Creek on August 17, 1896 although it is commonly believed that his friend Skookum Jim made the actual discovery. The claim was staked in Carmack's name possibly because they felt that a claim by an Indian might not be recognized. The news of the gold strike spread and started the Klondike Gold Rush.

George and his family later moved to Hollister, California, to live with his sister, Rose Watson (later Rose Curtis). Eventually, George left California and his wife and daughter. In 1900, George married Marguerite Laimee in Olympia, Washington. Kate, illiterate and nearly destitute, initiated a protracted legal battle to prove she was George's wife and eligible for alimony, but eventually dropped the case in favor of trying to reclaim her husband. When this failed, Kate settled in Carcross, Alaska, where she lived until her death in 1920.

Scope and Content

The collection contains 13 images, primarily of George Carmack, his first wife Kate and daughter Graphie, second wife Marguerite, and business associates

Digital Content

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Access

The collection is open to the public.

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions might exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact the repository for details.

Processing Info

Processed by Megan Peacock, 2005.

Photographs were relocated from the Portrait Collection (PH Coll 563) in 2005.


Inventory

 
Folder Item Date
George Carmack and Family
11George W. Carmack   View image1902
2Kate Carmack with dog   View imageundated
3Woman with infant   View imageundated
May be Kate Carmack with daughter Graphie.
4Two women with dog   View imageundated
May be Kate Carmack with daughter Graphie.
5George Carmack and family, Seattle   View image1910
6 George Carmack and Marguerite Carmack   View image1902
7Marguerite Carmack   View imageundated
8Marguerite Carmack   View image1920

 
Folder Item Date
George Carmack and business associates
29George Carmack and other man at Carmack Snoqualmie claims   View imageundated
10George Carmack and group of men at dinner   View imageundated
11 George Carmack and business associates, Seattle   View imageundated
12Sourdough convention   View image1927
George Carmack does not appear.
13Photograph of application for mining claim   View image1896

Subject Terms

Personal Names:
Carmack, George W. (George Washington), 1860-1922--Photographs.
Carmack, Graphie Grace, 1893-1963--Photographs.
Carmack, Kate, d. 1920--Photographs.
Carmack, Marguerite, 1874-1942--Photographs.
Geographic Names:
Snoqualmie (Wash.)--Gold discoveries--Photographs.
Subjects:
Copper miners--Washington (State)--Snoqualmie--Photographs.
Gold miners--Washington (State)--Snoqualmie--Photographs.
Pioneers--Washington (State)--Photographs.
Genre Headings:
Photographic prints.
Photographs.
Last modified: April 27, 2011
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