Biographical Note

Arrangement

Scope and Content

Terms of Access

Terms of Use

Inventory

Subject Terms


Preliminary Guide to the Granville O. Haller Papers



Manuscript Collection No.: 3437
Creator: Haller, Granville O. (Granville Owen), 1820-1897 , creator
Title: Granville O. Haller papers
Date Span: 1842-1993
Quantity: 2.95 cubic feet
Languages: Collection materials are inEnglish.




Biographical Note

Granville Haller was born in Pennsylvania on January 31, 1819. He decided upon a career in the military at a young age, and in 1839 was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Infantry. He fought in both the Seminole War and the Mexican-American War in the 1840s, achieving the rank of captain. In 1949 he married Henrietta Maria Hamilton Cox, whose prominent Irish family included a lord chancellor of Ireland and a Bishop of Ely who tutored the English King, Edward VI.

In 1852 the Army sent Haller to the Pacific Northwest, where he served at Fort Vancouver and later at Fort Dalles in Oregon. Haller led troops into the area of present day Boise to punish murderers of men in a wagon train crossing the Snake River in late summer of 1854. Haller also was a leading figure in the Indian War of 1855-1856. Ordered into Yakima Indian territory in November, 1855, Haller found himself badly outnumbered by armed Yakimas and was forced to retreat before reinforcements could arrive. This "defeat" may well have been the reason why Haller was promoted relatively slowly for the rest of his career. Later in the Indian War, Haller established and served as first commander of Fort Townsend. He was one of a handful of American commanders ordered to occupy San Juan Island during the boundary dispute with England in 1859.

When tensions in the San Juans eased later in 1859, Haller was sent east, bouncing among duties in Arizona and California until serving in the Civil War. During the war, he served on the staff of General McClellan throughout the Virginia and Maryland campaigns, and later under General Burnside and General Hooker. In 1863, on the basis of an accusatory letter from a Navy officer, the War Department summarily discharged Haller for "disloyal conduct and the utterance of disloyal sentiments." He made repeated requests for a hearing to contest the dismissal, but the Army steadfastly rejected them all. It took an act of Congress to finally get Haller his hearing, sixteen years later in 1879, and he was exonerated. He accepted reinstatement as a colonel and served for three more years until retirement.

After his dismissal, Haller returned to Washington Territory. He started a farm on Whidbey Island and later bought a sawmill near Port Townsend. The sawmill proved unprofitable, so he opened general stores in Port Townsend and Coupeville. Subsequent eulogists noted how generous he was in extending credit to poor families. When they were unable to repay their debts, Haller acquired from them large tracts of undeveloped land. He then rented this land to amass what one of the eulogists characterized as "a very gratifying income." He served as the president of the State Pioneer Society and was grand master of the territory's Masonic Grand Lodge. His brief return to military service took him away from the Puget Sound region, but he settled in Seattle upon his retirement in one of the city's most spacious and imposing mansions. He died May 2, 1897.

Arrangement

Arranged into 3 accessions:
Accession No. 3437-001, Granville O. Haller papers, 1842-1937
Accession No. 3437-005, Granville O. Haller papers, 1863-1993
Accession No. 3437-001, Granville O. Haller papers, circa 1840s-1961

Scope and Content

Consult the scope and content information for each of the accessions listed below.

Terms of Access

Consult the access restrictions information for each of the accessions listed below.

Terms of Use

Consult the restrictions governing reproduction and use for each of the accessions listed below.


Inventory

  
Accession No. 3437-001
Haller, Granville O. (Granville Owen), 1820-1897
Granville O. Haller papers, 1842-1937
1.92 cubic feet (5 document cases, two oversized items; plus 1 microfilm reel, positive; 1 microfilm reel, negative.)
Scope and Content
Correspondence, diaries and other writings, military documents; 1842-1896. Includes journal of Haller's son, Theodore N. Haller, 1912-1937; One reel microfilm.
Microfilm contents include the following selections from the Haller diaries and notebooks: Financial record book, 1852-1856 only; Journal and dispatches regarding campaign against Snake Indians, 1854; Orders and special orders from HQ, Winnass Expedition, 1855; Diary kept during Winass Expedition, 1855; Diary, 1855; Diary, 1856.
Terms of Access
Open to all users.
Terms of Use
Some restrictions exist on copying, quotation or publication. Contact Repository for details.
Acquisition Info
Donated by Haller Family, 6/22/1936. Additions gift of Martin Chamberlain, 1956 and 1961.
Other Finding Aids

Inventory/container list available in Special Collections.


  
Accession No. 3437-005
Haller, Granville O. (Granville Owen), 1820-1897
Granville O. Haller papers, 1863-1993
0.03 cubic feet (1 folder)
Scope and Content
Genealogical chart, 1953,1981; written reminiscence by Henrietta M. Haller, Granville Haller's wife, describing the Haller family's trip around Cape Horn to California and later to Oregon and Washington where they lived from the 1850s on; summary of trial proceedings regarding the dismissal of Granville Haller from the U.S. Army; excerpts from Haller's 1854 diary, transcribed by Martin Chamberlain in 1993.
Terms of Access
Open to all users.
Terms of Use
Some restrictions exist on copying, quotation or publication. Contact Repository for details.
Acquisition Info
Donated by Martin Chamberlain, 1/1/1982.
Other Finding Aids

Inventory/container list available in Special Collections.


  
Accession No. 3437-006
Haller, Granville O. (Granville Owen), 1820-1897
Granville O. Haller papers, circa 1840s - 1961 (Bulk: 1860-1930)
1 cubic foot (1 box)
Scope and Content
Diaries, land deeds and abstracts, military receipts, correspondence, autograph books, manuscript plat-maps relating to Skagit and Island Counties particularly to Edison and Samish Island, estate documents and other materials relating to Granville O. Haller, his wife, Henrietta (d. 1910), and their descendants. Descendents include their children Alice Mai (and her children, William A. Nichols, Jr and Charlotte Louise Nichols), Theodore N. Haller, and Charlotte who was married to Redick H. McKee, mapmaker.
Terms of Access
Open to all users.
Terms of Use
Literary rights have been transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.
Acquisition Info
Source: Martin Chamberlain, 2004 May 07, 2004 August 12.
Processing Info
0.42 cubic feet of photographic materials relocated to Visual Materials Collection in 2010.

Subject Terms

Personal Names:
Haller, Granville O. (Granville Owen), 1820-1897--Archives.
Steptoe, Edward Jenner, 1816-1865.
Organizations:
Meigs Lumber & Shipbuilding Co.
United States. Army.
Subjects:
Frontier and pioneer life--Washington (State)
Indians of North America--Wars--Oregon
Indians of North America--Wars--Washington (State)
Personal Papers/Corporate Records
Last modified: January 7, 2016
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