Biographical Note

Scope and Content

Restrictions on Access

Restrictions on Use

Processing Info

Separated Material

Bibliography

Other Finding Aids

Related Material

Preferred Citation

Inventory   [ + ]

Subject Terms


Guide to the Tim Mayhew Collection on Gay Rights
1964-1999



Manuscript Collection No.: 4440
Creator: Mayhew, Tim , collector
Title: Tim Mayhew Collection on Gay Rights
Date Span: 1964-1999
Quantity: 9.15 cubic ft. (21 boxes, 1 vertical file and 1 oversize folder)
Languages: Collections materials are in English.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.



Biographical Note

In the years following World War II, Seattle developed a reputation for being tolerant of homosexuality (by standards of the day). Nevertheless, most gay men and women in Seattle remained closeted and lived with the fear of harassment and discrimination. The Dorian Society, organized in 1967, was Seattle's first documented gay organization. It was part of a national "homophile" movement that emerged in the 1950s and continued to develop through the 1960s. The group sought to promote acceptance of gays in the larger society and to serve as a social organization for gays.

In the period following the 1969 Stonewall Rebellion in New York City, gay liberation organizations sprang up in cities across the country, including Seattle. Students at the University of Washington organized the Gay Student Association and the more radical Gay Liberation Front. The first Gay Community Center in Seattle was founded in 1971. Other organizations born in the 1970s include the Gay Women’s Alliance; the Gay Women’s Resource Center (now the Lesbian Resource Center); Seattle Gay Alliance; Union of Sexual Minorities; Stonewall Recovery Center; Lesbian Mother’s National Defense Fund; the Metropolitan Community Church; Parents, Families, Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG); and the Seattle Municipal Elections Committee.

In 1978, Initiative 13 attempted to repeal the Seattle ordinances protecting gays and lesbians from discrimination in housing and employment. It came on the heels of a national spate of successful anti-gay measures. The campaign galvanized the political voices of Seattle's gay community, and the measure was soundly defeated.

Tim Mayhew has been involved in gay activism in Seattle since the early 1970s. He was a member of the Seattle Gay Alliance in the early 1970s and served as the chair of its Education Committee, ca. 1972-1975. He was the SGA's lobbyist in Olympia, ca. 1973, and helped found Seattle's first Gay Community Center in 1971. Mayhew was also involved with the Gay Liberation Front. In the late 1970s he served as Seattle editor of the Northwest Gay Review, a gay newspaper based in Portland, and he was a member of the ACLU of Washington and served on its Sexual Minorities Committee, ca. 1977-1980. Mayhew lobbied in Olympia again, ca. 1981, on behalf of the Dorian Group, and in 1993 he helped found the Harvey Muggy Lesbian/Gay Democratic Organization.

Throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, Mayhew saw himself as a “gay community archivist.” He collected materials related to gay activism in Seattle from groups he was involved in and from many other organizations.

Scope and Content

The Tim Mayhew Collection on Gay Rights documents a broad range of gay organizations in Seattle from the 1960s through the 1980s. The material includes organizational papers such as by-laws, minutes, and correspondence, as well as fliers, newsletters, brochures, programs, and other ephemera.

Mayhew collected much of the material himself in the course of actively participating in the various organizations represented, but he also collected material from groups he was not directly involved in. Some material was given to him by people who wanted to add to his informal archive or sent to him in his capacity as Seattle editor of the Northwest Gay Review. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to determine the original source of the material or the extent of Mayhew's own involvement with a given organization.

Mayhew focused his collecting on political and civil rights organizations. There is some material on Seattle's gay social organizations, businesses, and cultural activities (in the Directories and Ephemera series), but in general these areas are not covered very extensively. Most of the material pre-dates AIDS awareness; thus, AIDS organizations are not represented particularly well. There is some material on lesbian organizations, but the collection is heavily weighted toward male groups.

The collection is arranged primarily by organization. The Subject Series contains fliers, mailings, and newsletters from many local and national gay organizations, arranged alphabetically by organization or topic. Both national and local organizations are represented. Subgroups represent local organizations that are covered in greater depth, with minutes, agendas, correspondence, and other materials. There is also a smaller amount of material organized into general categories such as Directories of gay organizations and businesses, Ephemera related to various topics, Broadcast Editorials from local radio and television stations, Clippings, and Newsletters. Box 18 contains oversized materials from various series and subgroups.

The largest subgroup in the collection documents the Dorian Society, with major correspondence from Herb Lee, Mike Allen, and Ken Gilbert. Founded in 1969, the society was renamed the Seattle Gay Alliance in 1971, remaining under this name until it was dissolved in 1975. The group sought to educate gays and straights about homosexuality, to promote acceptance of gays in the larger society, and to serve as a social organization for gays. Its activities included public speaking, publishing a newsletter, organizing social events, and lobbying the state legislature. In 1969 the society opened Dorian House, home to one of the nation's first gay counseling services, and in 1971 it helped found Seattle's first Gay Community Center. Both Dorian House, later renamed the Seattle Counseling Service for Sexual Minorities, and the Gay Community Center went on to become independent organizations and are represented by subgroups in the collection.

The Dorian Group started as an informal meeting of gay businessmen who gathered for lunch in Seattle's Pioneer Square. Politicians, national gay figures, and local officials were invited to these meetings. The group incorporated in 1975 and revived the name of the earlier organization, the Dorian Society. The Dorian Group continued to work for gay rights through the early 1980s. Its emphasis on reform rather than revolution represented a new kind of gay activism that emerged across the country in the mid-1970s.

Several political and civil rights organizations are represented in the collection. The Seattle Municipal Elections Committee for Gays (SEAMEC) was founded in 1977 to evaluate candidates for public office and endorse those candidates who supported gay rights. Mayhew served on the Candidate Evaluation Committee, ca. 1977-1981. Citizens to Retain Fair Employment, the Seattle Committee Against Thirteen, and Women Against Thirteen were among the groups organized to fight Initiative 13 (which unsuccessfully attempted to delete the words "sexual orientation" from Seattle anti-discrimination ordinances for housing and employment). The Washington Sexual Minorities Committee of the American Civil Liberties Union worked to identify violations of gay persons' civil rights for the ACLU to pursue. The collection includes material on issues such as marriage law, sex and sodomy laws, gay prisoners rights, police harassment, and immigration law.

The collection also includes material from several gay religious organizations. The Metropolitan Community Church, founded in Los Angeles in the 1960s, formed a congregation in Seattle in 1972. Evangelicals Concerned, a group for gay Evangelical Christians, formed in 1976 and became the Grace Gospel Chapel in 1977.

Accession 4440-2 consists of handbills, fliers, and other ephemera related to gay activities and gay organizations, particularly in Seattle. The materials, which are unprocessed, span the years 1978 to 1998, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1995 to 1998.

Restrictions on Access

The collection is open to all users.

Restrictions on Use

The creator's literary rights are in the public domain.

Processing Info

Processing of Accession 4440-001 was completed in May of 1994. Accessions 4440-002 and 4440-003 is unprocessed.

A small number of photographs were relocated to the Tim Mayhew Photograph Collection in the division in 2004.

Separated Material

A large number of newspapers were part of this donation. They included small runs of several Northwest gay publications and a smattering of gay publications from around the country. Publications that Mayhew had a role in creating and those that were part of the records of the issuing organzation were retained for this collection. Other Northwest publications were offered to the University of Washington Libraries Microform and Newspaper collection; after microfilming, some of these were added to the Libraries' collections, and some are available in the Pacific Northwest Collection in this division. Other materials, particularly single issues of non-Northwest publications, were transferred to other libraries that lacked those issues. These institutions include the International Gay Archives at the New York Public Library and the ONE Institute-International Gay and Lesbian Archives in Los Angeles.

Bibliography

Atkins, Gary, Gay Seattle: Stories of Exile and Belonging (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002).

Other Finding Aids

Information about the Tim Mayhew Photograph Collection is available in the repository.

Related Material

The Northwest Lesbian and Gay History Museum Project collects oral histories, photographs, documents, ephemera, and objects documenting the history of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people in the Pacific Northwest.

The Washington State Historical Society holds the records of the Northwest AIDS Foundation and the papers of gay activist Charlie Brydon and state Representative Cal Anderson, Washington's first openly gay legislator.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Tim Mayhew Collection on Gay Rights.


Inventory

  
Accession No. 4440-001
1964-1998
8.14 cubic ft.
Acquisition Info
Source: Tim Mayhew, September 21, 1993.
Box/FolderDate
Miscellaneous Collected Papers
1/1General Correspondence1970-1971
Newsletters
1/2 Concern 1967-1968
General Notes: Issued by the Southern California Council on Religion and the Homophile.
1/3 Cornell Gay Liberation Front News 1970-1971
1/4 The Ladder 1967
1/5 Out and About: Seattle Lesbian Feminist Newsletter 1976-1977
1/6 Vancouver PWA [Persons with AIDS] Newsletter 1990-1993
Miscellaneous
1/7-9Miscellaneous1964-1981
Box
18Miscellaneous    OVERSIZE1964-1981
18Newspapers    OVERSIZE1973-1984
Box/Folder
1/10Catalogsundated
Directories
1/11-1/12 Gayellow Pages 1973-1979
1/13-2/1 Gay Areas Private Telephone Directory 1982-1983
2/2-3 GSBA [Greater Seattle Business Association]1982-1993
Gay Organizations
2/4Gay Organizations1972-1977
Box
18Gay Organizations    OVERSIZE1972-1977
Box/Folder
2/5Bars, Restaurants, Entertainment1971-1985
17/5Publications1967-1990
Ephemera
2/6AIDS1988-1993
2/7Bars, Restaurants, Clubs1971-1986
3/1Film, Theatre, Art1977-1991
3/2Political1981-1993
3/3Miscellaneousundated
Subject Series
3/4 The Advocate 1971-1986
3/5-6Christianity, Theological Views of Homosexuality1971-1978
Churches on Sex Law
3/7Churches on Sex Law1971-1972
Box
18Churches on Sex Law    OVERSIZE1971-1972
Box/Folder
3/8Citizens to Retain Fair Employment (CRFE) Campaign Against Initiative 131978
3/9Council of Planning Affiliates (COPA), Seattleundated
Democratic Party, Gay Democratic Club, San Francisco
3/10Democratic Party, Gay Democratic Club, San Francisco1980
Box
18Democratic Party, Gay Democratic Club, San Francisco    OVERSIZE1980
Box/Folder
3/11Dignity, Los Angeles1973
3/12EMMAUS, San Franciscoundated
3/13Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) (HJR 61)1972-1979
4/1Gay Academic Union, New York, N.Y.1973
Gay Activists Alliance
4/2Canada1972
4/3New York1972
4/4New York City1971-1972
4/5San Francisco1972-1973
4/6Washington, D.C.1972
Box
18Gay Alliance Towards Equality (GATE), Vancouver, B.C.    OVERSIZE1973
Box/Folder
4/7Gay Community Alliance, Los Angeles1971
4/8Gay Community Services Center, Los Angeles1971
4/9Gay Community Social Services Center, Inc. (Lavender Country-Sherwood Forest Collective)1973
4/10Gay Demonstrations1971-1973
4/11Gay Fellowship, Los Angeles1971
Gay Liberation Front
4/12Orange County, Calif.1977
4/13Portland1972
4/14Seattle1970
4/15Gay People and Mental Health1973
Gay People's Alliance
4/16Eugene1973
4/17Portland1973
4/18Western Washington State College1972-1979
4/19Gay People's Association at the University of Washington1975-1978
4/20Gay Pride Foundation, Seattle1991-1993
Gay Pride Parades, Christopher Street Liberation Celebrations
4/21Gay Pride Parades, Christopher Street Liberation Celebrations 1971-1986
Box
18Gay Pride Parades, Christopher Street Liberation Celebrations    OVERSIZE1971-1986
Box/Folder
4/22Gay Students Association, University of Washington1971-1974
4/23Homophile Action League, Philadelphia1970-1972
4/24Homophile Effort for Legal Protection (HELP), Los Angeles1971
4/25Homosexual Community Counseling Center, New York, N.Y.1972-1974
4/26-27Knights of Malta, Jet Chapter1976-1978
4/28Labor Unions1973
4/29Lawyers1976-1989
4/30Lesbian Mothers National Defense Fund, Seattle1977-1978
4/31Lesbian Resource Center (Y.W.C.A., University YWCA)1971-1973
Lesbians
5/1Lesbians1972-1992
Box
18Lesbians    OVERSIZE1972-1992
Mattachine Society
Box/Folder
5/2New York City1972
5/3Niagara Frontier1972-1973
5/4San Francisco1970
5/5Military1971-1981
5/6National Gay Student Center1971-1974
5/7-8North American Conference of Homophile Organizations (NACHO)1968-1970
5/9Officials of Government: Directory Information1973
5/10ONE Institute, Los Angeles1967-1973
5/11Personal Rights in Defense and Education (PRIDE), Los Angeles1966-1968
5/12Playboy "Forum"1970-1973
5/13Pornography and Censorship1976-1977
5/14Seattle Council1972
Seattle Police Department
5/15Seattle Police Department1972-1981
5/16Seattle Committee Against [Initiative] Thirteen (SCAT)1972-1978
5/17 Seattle Gay News 1979
5/18Seattle Institute for Sex Therapy, Education, and Research (SISTER)1976
5/19Seattle Men's Chorus1990-1992
5/20Second Foundation of Oregon1971-1973
Society for Individual Rights (SIR)1962-1970
6/1-2Society for Individual Rights (SIR)1962-1970
6/3Society for Individual Rights, San Francisco1964-1973
6/4Society of Pat Rocco Enlightened Enthusiasts, Hollywood (SPREE)1971
6/5-6Stonewall, Seattle1972-1976
6/7Student Homophile League, Rutgers University1973
6/8Tacoma Rap Center1973
6/9Teachers1978
6/10Transsexuals1973-1977
6/11Transvestite Informations Service, Spencer, North Carolina1971-1972
6/12Union of Sexual Minorities, Seattle1977-1978
6/13United Front of Gay Organizations, Chicago1973
6/14-15Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches1971-1976
6/16Los Angeles1971
6/17San Francisco1971-1976
Venereal Disease
7/1Venereal Disease1974-1993
Box
18Venereal Disease    OVERSIZE1974-1993
Box/Folder
7/2Washington, Western State Hospital, Sexual Offender Program1971
7/3Washington Coalition for Sexual Minority Rights (Initiative 13)1977-1978
7/4Western Regional Conference of Homophile Organizations1967-1968
7/5Whitman Center, Seattle (Stonewall)1971-1973
7/6Women Against [Initiative] Thirteen (WAT)undated
7/7Women and Feminism1975-1978
7/8York University Homophile Association1970-1971
7/9Youth1973-1983
7/10News Releaseundated
Conference and Convention Files
7/11"Society for Individual Rights: Conference on Sexual Law Reform," California1971
7/12Miscellaneous1967-1975
7/13Symposia1972-1991
7/14Report--Final Report of the Task Force on Homosexuality1969
7/15-18Speeches and Writings--of Others1966-1977
8/1Broadcast Editorials1977-1978
8/2Speaking Engagements1971-1975
8/3Laws and Ordinances1971-1985
Legal Pleadings
8/4Legal Pleadings1972-1978
8/5Legislation1971-1981
8/6Legislative Calendars, Schedules, Minutes1973
8/7Legislative Reports1973-1981
8/8Legislative Caucus Reports1979-1981
8/9Legislative Districts--Maps, Representationsundated
Elections
8/10Elections1970-1974
Box
18Elections    OVERSIZE1970-1974
Box/Folder
8/11Lobbying Lists1973-1981
8/12Lobby Financial Reports1973-1974
8/13Lobbying Materials1973-1980
9/1Educational Pamphletsundated
9/2aCalendar1989
Box
9/2bMailing Lists1977
Box/Folder
9/3Bibliographies1968-1991
9/4Guestbook1971
9/5-8Clippingsundated
10/1Miscellanyundated
American Civil Liberties Union, Washington
10/2-3American Civil Liberties Union, Washington1968-1985
Box
18American Civil Liberties Union, Washington    OVERSIZE1968-1985
Box/Folder
10/4American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, Sexual Minorities Committee
10/5General Correspondence1972-1981
10/6Minutes and Agenda1977-1980
10/7Educational Packet: "The Rights of Sexual Minorities"1977
10/8Speeches and Writings1971-1980
Newsletters--of Others
10/9aNewsletters--of Others1972-1980
Box
18Newsletters--of Others    OVERSIZE1972-1980
10/9bLists1978-1980
Box/Folder
10/10Notes1980
10/11Ephemeraundated
Democratic Party, Gay Democrats of Greater Seattle
10/12-13Democratic Party, Gay Democrats of Greater Seattle1979-1993
Box
18Democratic Party, Gay Democrats of Greater Seattle    OVERSIZE1979-1993
Box/Folder
11/1Democratic Party, Harvey Muggy Lesbian/Gay Democratic Organization 1993
Dorian Group
11/2Historical Features1979
11/3General Correspondence1975-1983
11/4Minutes and Agendas 1977-1981
Newsletters
11/5-6 TDG 1980-1985
11/7-10 Dorian Group Newsletter 1976-1979
11/11Ballot--Board of Trustees Election1976
11/12News Releases1976-1979
11/13Speeches and Writings1980-1981
11/14Financial Statements1980
11/15Ephemeraundated
Subject Series
11/16Candidate Survey1976
Seattle Police Department, Police/Gay Task Force
11/17Seattle Police Department, Police/Gay Task Force1980-1982
The Dorian Group, Legislative Action Committee
12/1The Dorian Group, Legislative Action Committee1980-1985
12/2-4Dorian Society/Seattle Gay Alliance
12/5Organizational/Historical Features1971
12/6Constitution and Bylaws1967-1970
12/7Outgoing Letters1971-1975
Scope and Content: Major correspondent: Tim Mayhew.
12/8Intraorganizational Correspondence1968-1975
Scope and Content: Major correspondent: Herb Lee.
12/9-13, 13/1-2General Correspondence1967-1975
Scope and Content: Major correspondents: Mike Allen, Ken Gilbert, Herb Lee.
13/3-5Minute Books1967-1974
13/6-7Minutes and Agenda1967-1976
13/8Meeting Files1968-1969
13/9News Release1974
Newsletters
19/1-2 Dorian Columns/Columns 1968-1970
19/3-5 Columns Northwest 1970-1972
13/10 Dorian Society of Seattle 1971
13/11 SGA News 1971-1972
13/12Miscellaneous1968-1971
13/13 Financial Records1968
13/14Case File--Keith Rhinehart1970-1972
13/15Radio Transcripts1974-1985
13/16Tape Recording of Panel Discussionundated
Scope and Content: Discussion included [Barbara, Fran, Clark, Tim/Ken?].
14/1Position Statements/Press Releases1971-1977
14/2Ballots1970
14/3Candidate Surveys1974
14/4Candidate Ratings1972-1973
14/5-6Candidate Questionnaires1971-1977
Reports
14/7-8Reports1966-1973
14/9 Health Manual1970
14/10-11Calenders1970-1974
14/12Lists1974
14/13Photocopied Photographsundated
14/14Notesundated
14/15Bibliography1969
14/16Clippings1970
14/17-18Ephemeraundated
Subject Series
14/19Auctionundated
14/20Boat Cruise1971
14/21Coalition of Gay Organizations, Seattle1972
15/1 Columns Northwest 1969-1971
15/2Complaints to Officials and Press1971-1972
Box
18Conference on Human Sexuality    OVERSIZE1969
Box/Folder
15/3Dance1968-1970
15/4 The Fountain, Seattle1972
15/5Incorporation1971-1975
15/6Political Action1972
15/7Speaking Engagements (Arnold Rustin)1969-1971
15/8Symposium on Religion and the Homosexual1968-1970
15/9-10Board of Directors1968-1974
Evangelicals Concerned
15/11Organizational/Historical Featuresundated
15/12General Correspondence1976-1982
15/13Minutes and Agenda1976
Newsletters
15/14 Lifelines 1977-1982
15/15 Contact 1976-1977
15/15 Echoes 1979-1980
15/15 Record 1979-1980
15/16Speeches and Writings1977
15/17Clippings1977
16/1Calendars1977-1982
16/2Notes1976-1977
16/3Ephemera1976-1982
Gay Community Center, Seattle
16/4Organizational/ Historical Featuresundated
16/5General Correspondence1971-1979
16/6Legal Documents1971-1972
16/7Newsletters1974-1980
16/8Statements, Proposals1971-1978
Ephemera
16/9Ephemeraundated
Box
18Ephemera    OVERSIZEundated
Box/Folder
16/10Gay Liberation Front, University of Washington1969-1971
Seattle Municipal Elections Committee for Gays (SEAMEC)
16/11Constitution and Bylaws1977-1979
16/12General Correspondence1977-1985
16/13Minutes and Agenda1977-1981
16/14Newsletters1977
16/15Financial Records1981
16/16Candidate Ratings1977-1993
16/17Candidate Surveys1977-1981
16/18Reports1977-1979
16/19News Releases1977-1978
16/20Notes1981
16/21Ephemeraundated
16/22, 17/1Seattle Counseling Service1970-1977
17/2-4Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, Metropolitan Community Church of Seattle1972-1981

  
Accession No. 4440-002
circa 1978-1998
0.84 cubic ft.
Acquisition Info
Source: Tim Mayhew, July 8, 1998.
BoxDate
1-2Ephemera1978-1998

  
Accession No. 4440-003
Tim Mayhew papers, circa 1979-1988
0.17 cubic feet ( 1 vertical file and 1 oversize folder)
Scope and Content
Brochures from the 1979 Initiative 13 campaign and three posters. The posters are from the Seattle Men's Chorus (1988) and the Tacky Tourists of America (undated).
Restrictions on Access
Open to all users.
Acquisition Info
Tom Hubbard, April 2009
VFDate
Vertical fileBrochurescirca 1979
Folder
Oversize folderPosters    OVERSIZEcirca 1988

Subject Terms

Personal Names:
Allen, Mike.
Gilbert, Ken.
Lee, Herbert.
Mayhew, Tim.
Organizations:
American Civil Liberties Union of Washington. Committee on Sexual Minorities.
Dorian Group.
Dorian Society of Seattle.
Evangelicals Concerned.
Gay Community Center (Seattle, Wash.)
Harvey Muggy Democrats.
Seattle Gay Alliance.
Seattle Municipal Elections Committee for Gays.
Geographic Names:
Seattle (Wash.)--Social conditions.
Subjects:
Gay liberation movement--Washington (State)--Seattle.
Gay men--Legal status, laws, etc.--Washington (State)--Seattle.
Gay men--Social conditions.
Gay men--Societies and clubs.
Gay men--Washington (State)--Seattle.
Gay rights--Religious aspects.
Gay rights--Washington (State)--Seattle.
Genre Headings:
Printed ephemera.
Sound recordings.
Last modified: March 02, 2010
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