Biographical Note

Arrangement

Scope and Content

Restrictions on Access

Restrictions on Use

Processing Info

Preferred Citation

Inventory   [ + ]

Subject Terms


Guide to the Viola Edmundson Garfield Papers
1927-1978



Record Group No.: 19.26.2027
Creator: Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983 , creator
Title: Viola Edmundson Garfield papers
Date Span: 1927-1978
Bulk: 1935-1978
Quantity: 4.63 cubic feet (12 boxes plus 1 oversize item)
Languages: Collection materials are in English.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.



Biographical Note

A young Viola Edmundson, too frightened to walk alone past a field of cows on the way to the schoolhouse, soon abandoned her first attempt at grade school. By the time she had turned twenty-two, however, the timid girl had grown up into an adventurous young woman. In August of 1922, Viola accepted a job from the Bureau of Indian Affairs teaching Tsimshian Indian children in a remote Alaskan village. Years later she described that “my first view of the Tsimshian was of rows of houses spaced along the meandering shores of New Metlakatla, Alaska. Approaching the island in a late August afternoon, Purple Mountain and Yellow Hill with their brilliant colors dwarfed the weathered homes and churches.” Accompanying her were five other teachers and the superintendent. Viola was one of only two in the group who had met an Indian previously, and her interactions with a few Salish Indians on Whidbey Island while growing up had been very limited. And regardless of prior experience, “none of us had known such people as the Metlakatlans.” The nine-month teaching assignment would define her life and work from that moment forward.

Born on December 5th, 1899 in Iowa, Viola moved with her family to Whidbey Island in 1905. Once an added year and the company of a younger sister provided the courage to brave the frightening gauntlet of cows, she thrived in school--gaining back the lost year by skipping the fourth grade--and graduated valedictorian of her high school class. She worked and saved for a year, and entered the University of Washington in 1919. Unfortunately, her money ran out during her second year, necessitating a transfer to the Bellingham Normal School. Shortly after earning a teaching certificate, she left for New Metlakatla.

When she arrived, many adult Metlakatlans had been among those who had helped build the village, and only the youngest had no memory of its founder. These settlers had left their ancestral homeland, and vowed to renounce their ancient customs in favor of approximating the white man’s culture. For this reason, they had a reputation among whites as being the most “progressive” of all Northwest Coast Indian tribes. Despite the sincere effort to assimilate, she noted that “in many ways the Metlakatlans displayed attitudes, beliefs and behavior that were foreign and incomprehensible to the teachers.” The Indian children, for example, would not compete for attention or for rewards because, she realized, they thought in terms of group, and not personal, interest. The uniqueness of the Indians and their culture fascinated the young Viola. Despite the superintendent’s injunction, she refused to punish children who spoke Tsimshian.

This initial immersion in Indian culture ended with the school year the following spring. She returned to Seattle and worked as a stenographer for the city’s Chamber of Commerce. Here she met Charles Darwin Garfield, an Alaskan who had founded the Seattle Fur Exchange, and they married on her twenty-fifth birthday. Her curiosity about Indian culture slumbered dormant until 1927, when she was able once again to attend the University of Washington. She majored in sociology, and renewed her interest in the Tsimshian under the influence of newly-arrived anthropologist Melville Jacobs. She returned to New Metlakatla to study Tsimshian marriage patterns for her Master’s Degree, which she received in 1931. For the next several years, she would alternate between spending summers at Columbia University in pursuit of doctoral studies and the rest of the year teaching at the University of Washington. At Columbia, she studied under Franz Boas, generally credited with being the "father of American anthropology." Like many other early Northwest anthropologists, she maintained throughout her long career the Boasian dedication to ethnographic detail and native texts. At the time Columbia required the publication of the dissertation before granting a Ph.D. Even though Garfield finished hers in 1935, she had to wait until the 1939 publication of Tsimshian Clan and Society before receiving her degree. Once she had the Ph.D., she joined the University of Washington as a full faculty member, where she would teach until her retirement in 1970.

Garfield formed a crucial part of the nucleus of a department internationally famous for its specialization in Northwest Coast Indian culture. French anthropologist Claude Lévy-Strauss, for example, relied upon Tsimshian examples drawn from Garfield in his early studies of kinship and mythology. Outside academia, Garfield was most famous for her work on totem poles. She worked with the United States Forest Service (U.S.F.S.) to restore many Alaskan totem poles, and together with Linn A. Forrest, a U.S.F.S. regional architect and supervisor of the restoration project, wrote The Wolf and the Raven: Totem Poles of Southeastern Alaska in 1948. She also wrote a history of the famous Seattle totem pole in Pioneer Square. Garfield’s research illustrated how the poles are not just intricately crafted, beautiful works of art, but sophisticated symbols created by the Indians to tell of family, history and mythology.

Viola Edmundson Garfield died in 1983, after spending a life studying, promoting and trying to preserve the art and culture of Northwest Coast Indians.

Arrangement

Arranged in 4 accessions:

  • Accession No. 2027-001, Viola Edmondson Garfield papers, 1927-1963 (bulk 1935-1963)
  • Accession No. 2027-002, Viola Edmondson Garfield papers, 1929-1978 (bulk 1947-1976)
  • Accession No. 2027-003, Viola Edmondson Garfield papers, 1944-1970
  • Accession No. 2027-004, Viola Edmondson Garfield diploma, 1979

Scope and Content

Correspondence, speeches and writings, biographical materials, field notebooks, clippings, drawings, sound recordings, ephemera and artifacts; 1927-1979 (bulk 1935-1978).

Restrictions on Access

Open to all users.

Restrictions on Use

Creator's literary rights not transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Processing Info

Biographical note written by Rich Bellon, 1995.

Preferred Citation

Viola Edmundson Garfield papers. Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, Washington.


Inventory

  
Accession No. 2027-001
Viola Edmundson Garfield Papers, 1927-1963 (Bulk: 1935-1963)
4.00 cubic feet (10 boxes)
Scope and Content
Biographical materials; correspondence; notes; speeches and writings; drawings; field notebooks from field work done in Alaska and Port Simpson, British Columbia; and tape recordings made in Port Simpson primarily concerning Northwest Coast Indians (Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian); 1927-1963 (bulk 1935-1963).
Acquisition Info
Gift of Viola Garfield, Seattle, November 9, 1972
Processing Info

Photographs of totems were relocated to the Viola Garfield Photograph Collection, PH Coll 130.

Box/FolderDate
1/1Biographical materialsundated
3 items
Incoming letters1932-1956
1/2Akins, Tracy1941
1 item
1/2Alaska Historical Library and Museum1942-1948
3 items
1/2 The Alaska Sportsman 1949
1 item
1/2Alaskan Science Conference1956
1 item
General Notes: See also: National Research Council
1/2Allen, Edward W.undated
General Notes: See: Allen, Hilen, Froude & DeGarmo -- Lawyers; International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission
1/2Allen, Hilen, Froude & DeGarmo -- Lawyers1944-1947
7 items
1/2Allen, Rosemary1952-1953
2 items
General Notes: See also: Alaskan Science Conference
1/2 American Anthropologist 1947
1 item
1/2American Association for the Advancement of Science1951
2 items
1/2American Ethnological Society, Inc.1947
1 item
1/2Archbold, C. M.undated
General Notes: See: United States Forest Service, Tongass National Forest
1/2Arctic Institute of North America1951
1 item
1/3Barbeau, Marius1948-1951
2 items
1/3Barnett, H. G.1937
1 item
1/3Bascom, William R.undated
General Notes: See: Journal of American Folklore
1/3Benedict, Ruth1936-1942
4 items
1/3Beynon, William1933-1941
16 items
1/4Boas, Franz1932-1939
14 items
1/4British Columbia, Provincial Fisheries Department1934
1 item
1/4British Columbia Provincial Museum1934
1 item
1/4Cahalane, Victor H.undated
General Notes: See: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
1/4Calvin, Jackundated
General Notes: See: Sitka Printing Company
1/5Carr, R. W.1947
1 item
1/5Cohen, Joseph1945
1 item
1/5Clark, Ella E.1954
1 item
1/5Columbia University1935
2 items
1/5Denver Art Museum1948-1951
6 items
1/5d'Harnoncourt, Reneundated
General Notes: See: Museum of Modern Art
1/5de Laguna, Frederica1940-1950
3 items
1/5Dickie, Francis1940
1 item
1/5Douglas, Frederic H. (Eric)undated
General Notes: See: Denver Art Museum
1/5Eggan, Fred1947
1 item
1/5Ennis, Howard T., Jr.1946
2 items
1/5Fedoroff, George W.1950
2 items
1/5Forrest, Linn A.undated
General Notes: See: United States Forest Service, Alaska Region; United States Forest Service, Tongass National Forest
1/5Foster, Don C.undated
General Notes: See: United States Indian Affairs Office
1/5Hazelton, Elizabeth C.1935
1 item
1/5Heintzleman, B. Frankundated
General Notes: See: United States Forest Service, Alaska Region
1/5Henry, Jules1936
1 item
1/5Hermann, Barbara A.1948
1 item
1/5Herskovits, Melville J.1949
1 item
1/5International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission1944 (?)
1 item
1/5Jacobs, Melville1936 (?)
1 item
1/5 Journal of American Folklore 1947
1 item
1/5Keithahn, Edward L.undated
General Notes: See: Alaska Historical Library and Museum; Wrangell Potlatch, Inc.
1/5Kermode, F.undated
General Notes: See: British Columbia Provincial Museum
1/5Krieger, H. W.undated
General Notes: See: United States Smithsonian Institution
1/6Lantis, Margaret1948-1953
4 items
1/6Linton, Ralph1945
1 item
1/6Love, Reverend R. J.1935
1 item
1/6McClellan, Catharine1948
1 item
1/6McLeod, Jarvis H.1934
1 item
1/6Magnuson, Warren G.1940
1 item
1/6Marks, Joshua H.1947
2 items
1/6Mason, J. Aldenundated
General Notes: See: American Anthropologist; Pennsylvania University Museum
1/6Morrell, Roweundated
General Notes: See: United States National Park Service
1/6Murdock, George P.1944
1 item
General Notes: See also: Society for Applied Anthropology
1/6Murra, John V.1947
1 item
1/6Museum of the American Indian1944
1 item
1/6Museum of Modern Art1949
1 item
1/6National Research Council1950
3 items
1/6 Natural History Magazine 1949
1 item
1/6Nusbaum, Jesse L.undated
General Notes: See: United States National Park Service
1/6Pennsylvania University Museum1941
1 item
1/6Pratt, Robert Y.1945
1 item
1/6Price, Arthur1947
1 item
1/6Price, Maurice T.1948
1 item
1/6Reichard, Gladys A.1934-1939
2 items
1/6Reichard, Richard W.1945
1 item
1/6Robinson, Will1937
1 item
1/7Schallerer, Otto C.1945-1948
4 items
1/7Sitka Printing Company1950-1951
13 items
1/7Smith, Marion W.1939
1 item
General Notes: See also: American Association for the Advancement of Science; American Ethnological Society, Inc.
1/7Social Science Research Council1946
1 item
1/7The Society for Applied Anthropology 1948
1 item
1/7The Stefansson Library 1947
2 items
1/8United States Customs Service1940
2 items
1/8United States Fish and Wildlife Service1940
1 item
1/8United States Forest Service1940
1 item
1/8United States Forest Service, Alaska Region1940-1950
44 items
1/9United States Forest Service, Tongass National Forest1940-1941
7 items
1/9United States Indian Affairs Office1945-1947
2 items
1/9United States Interior Department, Indian Arts and Crafts Board1941
1 item
1/9United States National Park Service1941-1942
4 items
1/9United States Smithsonian Institution1940-1949
3 items
1/9University of Washington Director of Publications1941
1 item
1/9University of Washington Graduate School1936
1 item
1/9University of Washington President (Sieg)1941
1 item
1/9Ward, Rayundated
General Notes: See: United States Forest Service, Alaska Region
1/9Winslow, Kathryn1959
1 item
1/9Wirth, Conrad L.undated
General Notes: See: United States National Park Service
1/9Wrangell Potlatch, Inc.1940
1 item
1/9Unidentified (Joyce ?)undated
1 item
Outgoing letters1934-1951, 1964
1/101934-19381934-1938
13 items
1/1119401940
21 items
1/121941-19441941-1944
19 items
1/131947-19491947-1949
12 items
1/141950-1951; 19641950-1951; 1964
21 items
Speeches and writings1933-1963
Processing Info: Most of Professor Garfield's speeches and short articles have been dated and arranged chronologically in folders 1/15 to 1/18. Many of the remaining speeches and writings -- folders 1/19 to 2/14 -- are either incomplete or unidentified. They have been grouped, insofar as possible, by name of Indian tribe.
1933, 1944-19451933, 1944-1945
1/15"The Dog Eaters"
1/15"Tribal Territories in Southeastern Alaska"
1/15"Ownership of Food Producing Areas"
1/15"Salmon Fishing"
1/15"Chieftainship"
1/15"Tlingit and Haida Social System"
1/15"A Research Problem in Northwest Indian Economics"
1945-19481945-1948
1/16"The Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian Indians of Southeastern Alaska"
1/16"Historical Aspects of Tlingit Clans in Angoon, Alaska"
1/16"Notes on Elaborations of Guardian Spirit Concept by Northwest Coast Tribes"
1/16"Columnar Carvings of the Tlingit and Alaska Haida"
19501950
1/17"Status of Southeastern Alaska Indians"1950
1/17"Alaska Natives -- Borrowers and Innovators"1950
1/17"Survey of Southeastern Alaskan Indian Research"1950
Scope and Content: Includes lengthy bibliography
1/17"Research in Southeastern Alaska and Status of Indians" (abstract -- advance copy)1950
1951-1953, 19631951-1953, 1963
1/18"Possibilities of Genetic Relationship in Northern Pacific Moiety Structures"
1/18"Stylization of Motifs in Northwest Coast Indian Art"
1951-1953, 19631951-1953, 1963
1/18"Antecedents of Totem Pole Carving"
1/18"Contemporary Problems of Folklore Collecting and Study"
1/18"Indians of Southeastern Alaska"
1/19"Change in the Marriage Customs of the Tsimshian" (Master's thesis)
1/20"The Tsimshian in Alaska"
1/20"The Tsimshian and their Arts"
2/1-3"Modern Tsimshian Decorative Art"
Scope and Content: Manuscript portions, notes, drawings and photographs covering such topics as the carving of a chief's rattle, decoration of a bentwood box and other art work done at Port Simpson, British Columbia for, and under supervision of, Viola Garfield in 1934. The Tsimshian carvers whose work is described here were Fred Alexcee and Bryan Peel.
2/4Unidentified manuscript on Tsimshian
2/5"Haida Migrations to Alaska" (unfinished manuscript and notes)
2/6"The Tlingit, Eyak and Haida Indians of S.W. Alaska" (article for Encyclopedia Arctica)
2/7"The Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian Tribes of Southeastern Alaska"
2/8"The Haida"
2/8"Classifying Totem Poles" (Haida)
2/8"Northern Tlingit Columnar Carvings"
2/9Unidentified manuscript (Tlingit migration and settlement?)
2/10Unidentified manuscript
2/11-12 Meet the Totem (various manuscript versions)
2/13"White Man on a Totem Pole"
2/14"The Seattle Totem Pole"
2/15Reviews
By others than Garfield:
3/1Allen, Rosemary A., "Changing Social Organization and Kinship among the Alaskan Haidas"undated
3/2Banks, Delia Murray, "A Trip to Iliamna Lake in 1898," from the Diary of Hugh Rodmanundated
3/3Blackman, Margaret B., "Totems to Tombstones"undated
3/4Dodd, Harvey W. and Henry W. Mellen, "Tales of the Tlingets"undated
3/5Drucker, Philip, "The Antiquity of the Northwest Coast Totem Pole"undated
3/6Duff, Wilson, "Totem Poles of the Upper Skeena"undated
3/7Gsovski, V., "Russian Material Available in the Library of Congress on the Tlingit and Haida Indians of Alaska"undated
3/8Haeberlin, Hermann, and Erna Gunther, "Ethnographische Notizen über die Indianerstämme des Puget-Sundes"undated
3/9Holmgren, R. S. and L. S. Parker, "Training of Eskimo Sanitation Aides in Western Alaska"undated
3/10Robertson, R. E., "Alaskan Aboriginees are Favored Citizens"undated
3/11Rochlitzer, Joseph M., "The Economic Value of Slavery Among the Northern North Pacific Coast Indian Tribes"undated
3/12Sapir, Edward, "Nass River Terms of Relationship"undated
3/13United States Interior Department, "The Problem of Alaskan Development"undated
3/14Excerpts and brief miscellaneous articles by Sapir, Boas, Swanton, Newcombe, Swadesh, and Barbeauundated
Oral literatureundated
Scope and Content: Except for folder 3/15 these files consist of transcriptions by Viola Garfield of myth-tales and personal experiences or recollections of various native informants.
3/15"Ah Mo" -- Washington Indian fables as collected and told by Judge Arthur E. Griffinundated
3/16Tlingit informantsundated
3/17-22Tsimshian undated
Scope and Content: Alexander Morrison was informant for most of this material.
3/23Experiences of Mrs. Eliza Rossundated
Notesundated
4/1Lecture notes for Anthropology 416 -- North American Indiansundated
4/2Lecture notes for Anthropology 431 -- Primitive Literatureundated
4/3Tsimshian marriage -- clan and tribal affiliationundated
5/1Locations of polesundated
5/2Poles in Ketchikanundated
5/3Saxman; Klawak Polesundated
Processing Info: Numbers keyed to Viola Garfield Photograph Collection.
5/4Haida carved poles / house constructionundated
Scope and Content: Includes life of carver, John Wallace.
Processing Info: Numbers keyed to Viola Garfield Photograph Collection.
5/5Totem pole restoration (1930s) and establishment of Totem Parksundated
5/6Carved and painted partitions; button blanketsundated
General Notes: See also: correspondence with Eric Douglas of Denver Art Museum; also outgoing letter of February 24, 1951.
5/7Shamanismundated
5/8Kaigani Haida towns -- description/populationundated
5/9Miscellaneous -- Indians' territorial claimsundated
5/10Miscellaneousundated
Scope and Content: Including some notes of William Beynon, made at Port Simpson, British Columbia.
5/11Miscellaneousundated
5/12Drawings by Steven Dunthorneundated
5/13Conference programsundated
5/14Appointment papersundated
Reports1944-1945, undated
5/15Historical and Legal Materials Relative to The Tlingit and Haida Claims Act of 1935undated
5/16-17United States Department of Interior Hearings on Native Claims 1944
5/18Judge's Findings -- Native Claims 1945
5/19"Possessory Rights of the Natives of S.E. Alaska," Walter Goldschmidt and Theodore Haasundated
6/1-2Clippings1940, undated
Scope and Content: Many of these clippings pertain to the potlatch held in Wrangell in 1940.
Miscellany1927-1935, 1952
6/3-4Bibliography: "Raven Myths in Northwestern North America and Northeastern Asia" by Ann Chowning1952
6/3-4List of degrees in anthropology granted by American Institutions1927-1935
6/5Ephemeraundated
Annotated publications1943-1959
6/6Edward L. Keithahn, Native Alaskan Art in the State Historical Museum, Juneau. Alaska 1959
6/7 Anthropology in British Columbia, Numbers 1-21950, 1951
6/8 DYN, The Review of Modern Art, Numbers 4-51943
6/9Tape recordings1952, undated
3 reel-to-reel tapes and 3 audiocassettes (copies).
Scope and Content: Tsimshian songs from Port Simpson, British Columbia: potlatch song and power song by Mathew Johnson, nursery song by Mrs. Moody, drinking song and secret society song.
Processing Info: These are 1952 reel-to-reel tapes copied from the original 1932 recordings. These were later copied to audiocassette (user copy).
Field notebooks1928-1950
Box
7Ketchikan, Alaska1928
2 volumes
7Metlakatla, Alaska1930
1 volume
7Port Simpson, British Columbia1932
9 volumes plus index
8Port Simpson
8Informants: W. Smith, Mrs. Marsden, Wm. Beynon, Mrs. J. Ross, Fred Alexcee, Bryan Peel1934
6 volumes
8Informant: Alexander Morrison1937
3 volumes
8Kasaan -- information on poles 1940
1 volume
Processing Info: Keyed to Garfield Photo Collection
8Kake -- various informants1943-1944
1 volume
9Various informants 1935-1937
12 volumes plus 2 volumes index
Scope and Content: Volume IX is an index of tribal names and personal names with translations.
10Miscellaneous volumes 1934-1950
9 volumes
Scope and Content: Fieldwork done at Ketchikan, Hydaburg, Klawock, Kake, and Angoon

  
Accession No. 2027-002
Viola Edmundson Garfield papers, 1929-1978 (Bulk: 1947-1976)
.42 cubic feet (1 box)
Arrangement
Arranged in 6 series:
  • Biographical features
  • Correspondence
  • Speeches and writings
  • Artifacts
  • Clippings
  • American Ethnological Society report
Scope and Content
Correspondence, 1948-1978; speeches and writings by Garfield and others, 1941-1978; artifacts of braided hair and woven bark; biographical ephemera such as speaking itineraries and retirement-related matter, 1929-1970; newspaper clippings, 1950-1967; and annual reports from the American Ethnological Society, 1960-63. Also includes 3 slides with Viola Garfield identified in a group.
Acquisition Info
Slides showing Viola Garfield donated by Dorothy LeSourd Sherman, January 15, 1999.
No other acquisition information available.
BoxDate
Biographical features1929-1970
1General1929-1970
Scope and Content: Includes 3 slides showing Viola Garfield.
1Retirement1970
Scope and Content: Letters and notes pertaining to Dr. Garfield's retirement
Correspondence1948-1978
1Culbert, Sidney S.1950
1Duff, Wilson1969, 1971
2 items
1Elsasser, Albert B.1961
1Foster, Clarence B.1961
Scope and Content: Includes photographs
1Gunther, Erna1960
1Harley, C. Frederick1962
Scope and Content: Copy of a letter sent to Penny Johnson
1Katz, Solomon1961
3 items
1Monroe, Robert D.1978
Scope and Content: Includes inventory of Dr. Garfield's gifts to the University of Washington
1McKeown, Martha1959
1Moore, Turrall1976
General Notes: See also: Speeches and writings by others series, American Philosophical Society Library
1Proctor, Minnette1948
1Read, W. M.1960
1Schramm, Lloyd1950
1Smith, Norman L.1961
General Notes: See also: Subject files - Artifacts
1Speer, Tom -- Christmas card1969
1Urquhart, Jerry -- Christmas card1964
1Whitman, Dan1950
Scope and Content: A copy of a letter sent to Dr. Erna Gunther
1Unidentified1969
Speeches and writings1941-1978, undated
By Garfield
1"A Research Problem in Northwest Indian Economics"undated
1"A Study of Northwest Coast Native Art" -- program outlineundated
1"Historical Aspects of Tlingit Clans in Angoon, Alaska" 1947
Scope and Content: Reprinted from American Anthropologist, volume 49, number 3.
1"Making a Bird or Chief's Rattle" 1955
2 copies
Scope and Content: Reprinted from the Davidson Journal of Anthropology, volume 1, number 2.
1"Notes on Elaborations of Guardian Spirit Concept by Northwest Coast Tribes" 1947
Scope and Content: Prepared for an Anthropological meeting in Albuquerque
1"Possibilities of Genetic Relationship in Northern Pacific Moiety Structures" 1951
Scope and Content: Abstract and paper presented at 'Anthropology: American Association for the Advancement of Science' meeting
1"Research in Alaska" 1953
Scope and Content: Presented to the Research Club
1"Status of Southeastern Alaska Indians"1950
1"The Seattle Totem Pole"undated
1"Tsimshian" 1967
Scope and Content: A reprint from Dr. Garfield's definition entered in the Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
Reviews by Garfield
1 Pathfinders in the North Pacific by Marius Barbeau1958
1 The Native Brotherhoods: Modern Intertribal Organizations on the Northwest Coast by Philip Drucker1960
1 The Story of a Tlingit Community: A Problem in the Relationship Between Archaeological, Ethnological and Historical Methods by Frederica de Laguna1960
Speeches and writings by others
1American Philosophical Society Library -- "Process of Change from Matrilineal to Patrilineal Inheritance as Illustrated in Building, Ownership, and Transmission of Houses and House Sites in a Tsimshian Village," author unknownundated
General Notes: See: Correspondence -- Moore, Turrall
1Anderson, John Arthur C., "The Indian Shaker Religion" 1968
Scope and Content: Anthropology 311 paper
1Beynon, William, "The Tsimshians of Metlakatla, Alaska" 1941
Scope and Content: Photocopied from American Anthropologist 1941; including a photocopy of Beynon's 1937 map of Port Simpson
1Conn, Richard, "Athabascan and Northwest Coast Clothing: A Descriptive Survey" 1948
Scope and Content: Anthropology 111 paper
1Nagel, Carlos R., "Dwelling House and Smoke House of the Chilkat" 1958
Scope and Content: Paper presented as part of a General Studies Bachelor of Arts Degree project, including photographs of the scale models built for the project
1Ness, Lawrence H., "The Whaling Organization and the Nootkan Indians" 1968
Scope and Content: Anthropology 311 paper.
1Unidentified, "Social Psychology. With Detailed Analysis of Two Members of One Family" undated
Scope and Content: Most likely a student's paper.
Northwest Coast Studies Conference papers1976
Scope and Content: Rough drafts, abstracts, and papers prepared for the Northwest Coast Studies Conference, May 12-16, 1976, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
1Blackman, Margaret B., "Northern Haida Ecology: A Preliminary Discussion" undated
Scope and Content: Rough draft.
1Croes, Dale R., "Water - Saturated Archaeological Sites (Wet Sites) on the Northwest Coast of North America" -- reportundated
1Dauenhauer, Richard, Yuwaan Gageets: A Russian Fairy Tale in Tlingit Oral Tradition undated
1Drucker, Philip, Tlingit and Haida, Inc.: Success Story undated
1Dunn, John A., Tsimshian Internal Relations Reconsidered (Part 1) undated
1Eastman, Carol M., Language Re-Introduction on the Northwest Coast as a factor of Ethnicity and Modernization: A Suggestion for Language Policy undated
1Elmendorf, William W., "Coast and Plateau Salish Power Concepts, Rituals, and Social Structures: A Comparative and Processual Analysis" undated
Scope and Content: Rough draft
1Fitzpatrick, Darleen, Indian Shakerism: God, The Spirit and Other Sacred Symbols undated
Scope and Content: Original and revised copy
1Goldman, Irving, "Ritual Distribution and Exchange Among the Southern Kwakiutl: A Cosmological Perspective" undated
Scope and Content: A brief summary of Goldman's monograph, The Mouth of Heaven: An Introduction to Kwakiutl Religious Thought
1Hansen, Karen Tranberg, Coping with Change: Urban Migration. Strategies of Reorientation Among American Indians and Anthropologists undated
1Jacobsen, William H. Jr., Wakashan undated
1Kasakoff, Alice Bee, "Open and Closed Marriage Systems on the Northwest Coast" undated
Scope and Content: First draft
1Kenyon, Susan M., The Nature of the Nootkan Local Group; Kinship and Descent on the West Coast of Vancouver Island undated
1Kew, Michaeal, Salmon Abundance, Technology and Human Populations on the Fraser River Watershed undated
1Kinkade, M. Dale, "The Salishan Languages"undated
1Kinkade, M. Dale, Areal Features in the Northwest undated
1Lamers, Frans, Sekani Adaptation - An Analysis of Technological Strategies and Processesundated
1Langdon, Steve, The Development of the Nootkan Cultural System undated
1Lundy, Doris, "Style of Coastal Rock Art" -- a preliminary draft1976
1McNeary, Stephen A., Tsimshian Matriliny as an Instrument of Alliance undated
1Miller, Jay, The Northwest Coast of What? undated
1Morgan, Lawrence R., "Kootenay-Salishan: A Preview of Evidence for a Genetic Relationship"undated
1Oswalt, Wendell H., The Technology of Salmon Procurement undated
1Pilling, Arnold R., Yurok Systems of Social Stratification undated
1Powell, J. V., Chimakuan - Wakashan: Evidence of Genetic Relationship undated
1Rosman, Abraham and Rubel, Paula G., Marriage and Descent as Manifestations of Structure on the Northwest Coast undated
1Rubel, Paula G. and Rosman, Abraham, The Potlach Model as Structural Type undated
1Silverstein, Michael, Time Perspective in Northern and Western Penutian undated
1Stryd, Arnoud H., Prehistoric Mobile Art from the Mid-Fraser and Thompson River Areas of Interior British Columbia undated
1Suttles, Wayne, Productivity and its Constraints -- a Coast Salish Case undated
1Thompson, Nile, Balancing the Power of Indian Doctors in Southern Coast Salish Societies undated
1Tro, Roger P., Ethnohistory and Northwest Coast Studies undated
1Vaughan, J. Daniel, Haida Potlach and Society: Testings of a Structural Analysis undated
1Walens, Stanley G., Feasting with Cannibals-II undated
1Weightman, Barbara A., Strategies of Reorientation: Musqueam - An Urban Reserve undated
1 Artifactsundated
Scope and Content: Braided hair and woven bark samples sent to Garfield by Norman Smith, from Alaska. Included is a copy of Dr. Garfield's reply and analysis of the items.
General Notes: See also: Correspondence -- Smith, Norman L.
1Clippings -- miscellaneous articles1950-1967
1American Ethnological Society report1960-1963
Scope and Content: Annual Report of the Secretary with Minutes of the Board Meeting and the Society's Newsletter, edited by Garfield

  
Accession No. 2027-003
Viola Edmundson Garfield papers, 1944-1970
.21 cubic feet (1 box)
Scope and Content
Correspondence, book reviews, clippings, notes, ephemeral publications; 1944-1970.
Acquisition Info
Gift of the Garfield Estate via Special Collections, January 5, 1984.
Box/FolderDate
1/1Clippings: The Wolf and the Raven 1949-1950
1/2Book reviews: The Wolf and the Raven 1949-1950
Correspondence1952-1961
1/3 Rosemary (no last name) to Garfield1956 January 2
Scope and Content: Christmas card
1/3 Altman, Ralph C. to Garfield1952 January 30
Scope and Content: Includes photograph
1/3 Osborne, Dr. Douglas from Lydel Sims1958 March 6
1/3 Sims, Mr. Lydel from Garfield1958 March 18
1/3 Osborne, Dr. Douglas to Garfieldundated
1/3 Osborne, Dr. Douglas from Garfield1958 March 17
1/3 Elsasser, Albert B. to Garfield1961 January 31
1/3 Harley, C. Frederick to Garfield1958 September 24
Scope and Content: Includes photograph
1/3 Foster, C. B. to Garfield1961 February 17
Scope and Content: Includes photograph
1/3 Gray, Maxine Cushing to Garfield1952 January 1
Scope and Content: Includes clipping
1/4Notes and proofs: Shake Island, Garfield Album #25; Shake Island, Garfield Album #25; The Wolf and the Raven, Garfield Album #26.undated
1/5Brochures and clippings1944-1970
1/6Script: Reading for Fun broadcast -- The Wolf and the Raven 1949
1/7Miscellanycirca 1963-1970

  
Accession No. 2027-004
Viola Edmundson Garfield diploma, 1939
1 item
Scope and Content
Columbia University doctoral diploma, 1939.

Subject Terms

Personal Names:
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948--Correspondence.
Beynon, William, d. 1969--Correspondence.
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942--Correspondence.
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983--Archives.
Organizations:
United States. Forest Service. Alaska Region.
University of Washington. University Archives.
Geographic Names:
Metlakatla (Alaska)
Port Simpson (B.C.)
Subjects:
Anthropology--Study and teaching (Higher)--Washington (State)--Seattle.
Indians of North America--Northwest Coast of North America.
Tsimshian Indians.
Women anthropologists--Washington (State)--Seattle--Archives.
Genre Headings:
Correspondence.
Field notes.
Notebooks.
Sound recordings.
Speeches, addresses, etc.
Writings.
Occupations:
Anthropologists.
College teachers.
Last modified: April 04, 2008
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