Pacific Coast Architecture Database (PCAD)

Architects

Houghton, Edwin

ID: 1561
Full Name: Edwin Walker Houghton
Occupation: Architect
Gender: M
Nationality: UK/US
Birth Date: 08/05/1856
Death Date: 05/16/1927
Family: Spouse: Houghton married Margaret Ann Crudge in 1884.
Parents: His father was Thomas Houghton (born c. 1818 in Edgbaston, Warwickshire, UK), who in 1861 at the time of the English Census worked as a grocer in the town of Hartley Wintney. His mother was Eliza Augusta Brown Houghton (born c. 1824 in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, UK). His family had been involved in architecture and surveying in England; he apprenticed in the architecture firm of an uncle and of his older brother, Thomas Marcus Houghton (born c. 1846 in Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, UK). In 1861, the Houghton Household included Thomas Marcus (born c. 1846), Eliza Augusta (born c. 1848), Catherine (born c. 1851), Albert (born c. 1853), Arthur Henry (born c. 1858) and Miriam Sarah (born c. 1860). All of the Houghton children were born in the Hartley Row Neighborhood of Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, UK. Thomas Marcus, Edwin, Arthur, and Miriam lived in with their parents in Crookham Common, Hampshire in 1871. Thomas worked as a farmer on 14 acres of his own land, while Eliza operated a "ladies school." Thomas Marcus Houghton was recorded working as an unemployed joiner.
Children: Edwin W. Houghton practiced architecture with his sons between 1913-1927; in 1900, the Houghtons had had two children, only one of whom was alive, according to the sometimes accurate US Census of that year.
Relocation: Born in Hartley Wintney, a town in the northeast of Hampshire, England, UK, Edwin Walker Houghton's family lived there in 1861, the year of an English Census. Two servants and a boarder also lived with them at this time. In 1881, Edwin lived with his brother Albert H. Houghton, his wife and son on Shaw Lane in the city of Shaw-cum-Donnington, West Berkshire, Berkshire, England. He and his brother were reported to have been working as joiners. Houghton immigrated to the US in 1884; he worked as a farmer in El Paso, TX, and as an architect in Pasadena, CA, before moving north. He arrived in Port Townsend, WA, in early 1889, and to Seattle soon thereafter, drawn to the city after the Great Fire of that year. Margaret and Edwin Houghton lived in the Occidental Hotel, in the center of Seattle's Pioneer Square, in 1900. Houghton died in Seattle, WA.
Biographical Information: Education: Houghton received an education in public and private schools in Birmingham, England; B.S., King Edward's College,
Work History: Apprentice, Thomas M. Houghton, Chelsea, London, UK, c. 1872 (Thomas Houghton was his brother); Farmer, El Paso, TX, c. 1880; Principal, Edwin Walker Houghton, Architect, Pasadena, CA, c. 1885-1889; Partner, Saunders and Houghton, Architects, Seattle, WA, 09/1889-1891; Principal, E.W. Houghton, Architect, Seattle, 1889, 1892-1912; Partner, E.W. Houghton and Son, Architects, Seattle, WA, 1913-1920; Partner, E.W. Houghton and Sons, Architects, Seattle, WA, 1913-1927;
Miscellaneous: A City of Seattle web site on the Maud Building, (see Web Sites), indicated that Houghton and Saunders may have met each other in California before incorporating with each other in Seattle, WA. In his obituary of 1927, the writer for the Washington State Chapter American Institute of Architects Monthly Bulletin, stated: "During his active career many of the older buildings on Seattle were designed by Mr. Houghton and he was particularly distinguished as a designer of theatres. A genial personality and never failing optimism, were characteristic of the man and it seemed fitting that this should continue to the end, which came suddenly while at his office desk." (See "Edwin Walker Houghton," Washington State Chapter American Institute of Architects Monthly Bulletin, vol VII no 5, May 1927, n.p.)
Countries: United Kingdom
United States
Structures: Arcade Building #2, Downtown, Seattle, WA - 1901-1903 (4492)
Bailey, William Elder, Office Building, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - 1889-1892 (5003)
Beck's Theatre, Bellingham, WA - (13391)
Berkshire Hotel Building, Seattle, WA - 1902-1903 (13397)
Brown Building, Seattle, WA - c. 1900 (6382)
Cascade Laundry Company, Building #2, Seattle, WA - 1900-1901 (13388)
City of Seattle, Fire Department, Headquarters #3, First Hill, Seattle, WA - (6642)
Colonial Theatre, Salt Lake City, UT - 1907-1908 (16762)
Cort Theatre, Chicago, IL - 1908-1909 (11874)
Curtis Building, Seattle, WA - (13378)
Estabrook Building, Seattle, WA - 1901-1902 (6142)
Fifth Avenue Row House Project, Downtown, Seattle, WA - c. 1900 (6383)
Grand Opera House, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - 1898-1900 (6078)
Grand Theatre, Aberdeen, WA - 1905-1906 (13395)
Heilig Theatre, Downtown, Portland, OR - 1909-1910 (14719)
Helena Theatre, Helena, MT - (13394)
Hoeffler, J., Building Project, Seattle, WA - 1907 (16763)
Kellogg, Orlo B., House, Denny Blaine, Seattle, WA - 1904-1905 (16244)
Lippy, Thomas, Building, Seattle, WA - 1901-1902 (4917)
Majestic Theatre, Downtown, Seattle, WA - 1909 (18403)
Manhattan Building Project, Downtown, Seattle, WA - 1889-1890 (18213)
Maud Building, Seattle, WA - 1889-1890 (4989)
Moore Theatre and Hotel, Downtown, Seattle, WA - 1907 (3108)
Olympic Hotel #1, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - (6637)
Otis Building, Seattle, WA - (13389)
Pacific Warehouse Company, 901 Western Avenue Warehouse, Seattle, WA - 1909-1910 (18787)
Pinney Theatre Building, Boise, ID - 1907-1908 (7254)
Rainier Hotel, Seattle, WA - 1889 (18212)
Riddle, Charles A. and Louise, House, Queen Anne, Seattle, WA - (12993)
Seattle Public Schools, Minor School, Seattle, WA - 1900 (6646)
Snoqualmie Electric Company, Power House, Snoqualmie, WA - (13398)
Spokane Theatre, Spokane, WA - 1900-1901 (13392)
Starr-Colman Building, Downtown, Seattle, WA - 1889-1891 (16705)
Sutton's Grand Opera House, Butte, MT - 1902 (13390)
Terry-Denny Building, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - 1889-1891 (4915)
Thaggart House, Seattle, WA - 1890 (7689)
Union Building, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - 1890 (16174)
Washington Territory Investment Company, Office Building, Pioneer Square, Seattle, WA - 1889-1890 (14984)
Wing Hotel and Theatre, Vancouver, BC, Canada - (13396)
Locations: Architect's Birth:
Hartley Wintney, Hampshire
UK
Architect's Death:
Seattle, WA
USA
Publications: Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis Alan, "Saunders and Houghton and the Patronage of William Bailey", Distant Corner, 173-175, 315, 2003.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis Alan, "Saunders and Houghton and the Patronage of William Bailey", Distant Corner, 173-175, 315, 2003.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis Alan, "Saunders and Houghton and the Patronage of William Bailey", Distant Corner, 173, 315, 2003.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis Alan, "Saunders and Houghton and the Patronage of William Bailey", Distant Corner, 171-172, 315, 2003.
"Among the Plumbing and Heating Contractors: Washington", Domestic Engineering, 86: 13, 585, 03/29/1919.
Tobin, Caroline, "Polson Building", Downtown Seattle Walking Tours, 13, 1985.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 121, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "Moore Theatre and Hotel Building, 1908", Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 140, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 115, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State An Environmental Perspective, 113, 1980.
Crowley, Walt, National Trust Guide Seattle, 124, 1998.
"Realty and Building", Seattle Daily Times, 3, 11/19/1904.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, c. 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, c. 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Seattle of Today Architecturally, np, 1905.
Collins, James Madison, Seattle Then and Now, 70-71, 2000.
"Building Permits Issued during Week", Seattle Times, 1909-11-07.
"Bailey Block completion", Seattle Times, 2, 03/26/1892.
Brazier, Dorothy Brant, "213 Cherry St. and theaters past", Seattle Times, D3, 09/09/1970.
Dorpat, Paul, "Now & Then: At Once, Classic and Cheap", Seattle Times Pacific Northwest, 22, 12/14/2008.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis A., "Edwin W. Houghton", Shaping Seattle Architecture, 48, 1980.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, Andersen, Dennis A., "Edwin W. Houghton", Shaping Seattle Architecture, 49, 1994.
"Houghton, Edwin Walker", Sketches of Washingtonians, 201, 1906.
"Edwin Walker Houghton", Washington State Chapter American Institute of Architects Monthly Bulletin, VII: 5, np, 05/1927.