Pacific Coast Architecture Database (PCAD)

Architects

Kirk, Paul

ID: 1642
Full Name: Paul Hayden Kirk
Occupation: Architect
Gender: M
Nationality: US
Birth Date: 1914-11-18
Death Date: 1995-05-22
Family: Spouse: Kirk married Helen Catherine Richardson at 9:00 AM, Thursday, 02/23/1939, in the Thomsen Memorial Chapel, Saint Mark's Episcopal Cathedral, Seattle, WA. His brother, Blair Kirk, served as the best man. They honeymooned at Harrison Hot Springs and Vancouver Island. (See "Miss Richardson Becomes Bride of Mr. Paul Kirk," Seattle Times, 02/23/1939, p. 15.)
Parents: His father, Spencer B. Kirk, listed "interior decorator" as his profession on a draft registration card of 06/05/1917 or 1918 and the U.S. Census of 1920; in c. 1917, he worked at the Walker Dry Goods Company, Main Street, Salt Lake City, UT. Spencer Kirk was born in Tooele, UT, southwest of Salt Lake City, (b. 10/27/1887), while both of his parents came from England. Paul Hayden Kirk's mother, Vine H. (Blair) Kirk, was born c. 1886 in MI. Vine Kirk's father, Joseph Blair, (born c. 1864) came from French Canada, and her mother, Clara Blair (born c. 1866) from MI. Paul Hayden Kirk had three siblings, a brother, Blair, born c. 1913 in UT, who became a building contractor, and two sisters, Virginia L. Kirk (born c. 1917 in UT and presumably deceased before 1930) and Marjorie M. Kirk, born c. 1922 in UT.
Children: In a 1955 biographical profile, he reported having had two children, one of whom was a son, Christopher Paul Kirk, the other was a daughter, Hannah Kirk.
Relocation: Born in Salt Lake City, UT, the Kirk Family lived at 644 Conway Court, Ward 1 of Salt Lake City in 1920; at that time, his immediate family lived with Vine Kirk's family, including her father, mother, May L. Blair (perhaps Vine's sister born c. 1888), and Bernice L. Blair (born c. 1904). Paul Hayden Kirk came to Seattle, WA, as a boy in 1922. The Kirk Family lived at 6327 21st Avenue NE, in a house they owned, valued at $7,000. Kirk reported an address of 4710 22nd Avenue NE in 1937; as newlyweds in 1939, Paul and Helen Kirk resided at 5703 18th Avenue NE, and continued to reside there in 1940 as per the US Census of that year. They paid $37 per month in rent. The Kirks lived at 6216 Ravenna Avenue, Seattle in 1942; He last resided in Kirkland, WA;
Biographical Information: Education: B.Arch., University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 1937;
Work History: Draftsman/Designer, Naramore and Young, Seattle, WA, 1939; Draftsman/Designer, Dudley Smart, Architect, Seattle, WA, 1939; (Kirk indicated in 1955 that he had started his solo career in 1939; this first office was located in Kirkland, WA.) Designer, Henry W. Bittman, Architect, Seattle, WA, 1940-1941; Partner, Stuart, Kirk and Durham, Seattle, WA, 1943-1945; Partner, Chiarelli and Kirk, Architects, Seattle, WA, 1944 or 1945-1950; Principal, Paul Hayden Kirk, AIA, Seattle, WA, 1950-1957; Principal, Paul Hayden Kirk, FAIA, and Associates, 1958-1960; Founding Partner, Kirk, Wallace, McKinley and Associates, Seattle, WA, 1960-1978; Kirk retired from practice in 1978, remaining at the successor firm, The McKinley Architects, as a "consulting architect." Regional influences strongly affected his work as did Japanese architecture; in 1947, Kirk was quoted in Progressive Architecture magazine saying: "We are both [he and his partner Chiarelli] interested in using the local building materials in their most simple and straightforward manner." (See "This Month," Progressive Architecture, 28:7, 07/1947, p. 18.)
Miscellaneous: Paul Hayden Kirk was was stricken with polio as a youngster, affecting the use of his right arm and forcing him to use crutches throughout his life. His paternal grandparents, James (born 03/1845) and Mary Kirk (born 04/1851), lived in Toole, UT, in 1900. His grandfather, employed in 1900 as a "freighter," came from England to the U.S. in 1862, his grandmother in 1868. The 1930 U.S. Census indicated that both Spencer B. Kirk and Vine Kirk worked as interior decorators for a dry goods store. Paul's brother, Blair Kirk, aged 17, was listed as a "Assistant I.D." at a dry goods store. Paul Hayden Kirk, aged 15, was listed as an "Agent (dist.)" for the Curtis (?) Publishing Company. (Curtis was a powerful publishing house in the early 20th century, producing the magazines, Ladies' Home Journal and The Saturday Evening Post, among others.) The family was immersed in interior design, and it is no wonder that Paul Hayden would develop an interest in architecture. In the 1950s, Kirk became well-known for his designs of medical clinics in and around the Seattle area. He co-wrote (with Eugene D. Sternberg) the book, Doctors' Offices and Clinics, Medical and Dental, (New York, NY: Reinhold Publishing Company, 1955). SSN: 536-01-1523.
Professional Awards: College: Elected to Tau Sigma Delta, Honorary Architecture Fraternity, 1935; elected to Alpha Rho Chi, National Honorary Fraternity, 1936; Kirk was elected Massier in the Atelier, the architecture student organization at the University of Washinigton, for the year 1937.
Post College: six Washington State Chapter of the American Institute of Architects medals for three clinics and three houses, 1951-1954; Fellow, American Institute of Architects (FAIA), 1958 (Seattle AIA records indicate he was made a Fellow in 1959); Gold Medal, VIII Pan-American Congress of Architects (1948), for Crown Hill Medical Clinic (Chiarelli and Kirk); Progressive Architecture Merit Award for Bellevue Medical Center, Bellevue, WA, 1954; awarded the first AIA Seattle Medal (along with Paul Thiry) in 1984;
Archives: The majority of Kirk's papers are archived at the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collection Division. (See: "Preliminary Guide to the Paul Hayden Kirk Papers 1958-1967," <http://digital.lib.washington.edu/findingaids/view?docId=KirkPaulHayden3667.xml;brand=defaul> Accessed 09/23?2012.)
Countries: United States
Structures: 10407 NE 113th Place House, Kirkland, WA - 1954 (8450)
22505 Woodway Park Road House, Woodway, WA - 1960 (17865)
4157 West Mercer Way House, Mercer Island, WA - 1957 (12965)
4848 West Mercer Way House, Mercer Island, WA - (6073)
5756 Wilson Avenue South House, Seattle, WA - 1957 (5253)
7027 32nd Avenue NE House, Seattle, WA - 1947 (6686)
7829 West Mercer Way House, Mercer Island, WA - 1950 (15875)
9239 Matthews Avenue NE, Matthews Beach, Seattle, WA - 1949 (15902)
Anderson, Dory, House, Seahurst, Seattle, WA - (11325)
Bainbridge Island Guest House, Bainbridge Island, WA - (6424)
Balch House, Wedgwood, Seattle, WA - 1954 (14420)
Beale, Richard, House, Seahurst, Seattle, WA - 1955 (11408)
Blakeley Psychiatric Clinic, University District, Seattle, WA - 1956 (5610)
Bloedel Reserve, Guest House, Bainbridge Island, WA - 1960-1961 (12640)
Bowman, John, House, Juanita Heights, Kirkland, WA - 1955-1956 (8328)
Brown, Odessa, Clinic, Seattle, WA - 1949 (4926)
Buckley House, Medina, WA - 1957 (8329)
C and K Apartments, Seattle, WA - 1949 (4649)
Caverly, Mr. and Mrs. Leroy, House, Duvall, WA - 1954 (4700)
Central Washington State College, Michaelson Hall, Ellensburg, WA - 1968-1969 (16577)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Bellevue, WA - 1964 (10281)
Clark, Leland J., House, Hilltop, Bellevue, WA - 1950-1951 (12785)
Columbia Ridge Tract Houses, Seattle, WA - 1941-1942 (6409)
Crow House, Factoria, WA - 1951 (17841)
Crown Hill Medical-Dental Clinic, Crown Hill, Seattle, WA - (10329)
Daniels House, Norwood Village, Bellevue, WA - 1951 (13424)
Danz, Frederick and Selma, House, Seattle, WA - 1953 (15797)
Davis, W.B., House, Seattle, WA - 1937-1938 (10186)
Doctors Clinic of Lake City, Lake City, Seattle, WA - 1951-1953 (8206)
Doctors Medical Clinic, Bellevue, WA - 1951-1952 (4696)
Dowell, Lewis J., House, Seattle, WA - 1954 (4701)
Eldred, Dr. B.E., D.D.S., Clinic Project, Olympia, WA - (4699)
Electri-living House, Medina, WA - 1956 (15887)
Evans, John Cecil, House, Mercer Island, WA - 1955 (8451)
Fleming, Donald D. and Marjorie K., House, Bellevue, WA - 1951 (5603)
Gibbs, Mrs. Joann, House, Seahurst, Seattle, WA - 1955-1956 (10915)
Gilbert, Frank, House, The Highlands, Seattle, WA - 1957 (8210)
Group Health Cooperative, Clinic, Northgate, Seattle, WA - 1956 (10328)
Group Health Cooperative, Clinic, Renton, WA - (14299)
Hart, Irving and Lynn, House, Moro, OR - 1953 (4698)
Henderson, Frank and Lucille, House, Lopez Island, WA - (8201)
Henderson, Frank and Lucille, House, Portage Bay, Seattle, WA - 1959 (8203)
International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, Office Building, Spokane, WA - (8307)
Japanese Presbyterian Church, Seattle, WA - 1964 (7441)
Jefferson Terrace Elderly Housing, Seattle, WA - 1967 (5331)
Kirk, Blair, House #1, Mount Baker, Seattle, WA - 1949-1950 (5570)
Kirk, Blair, House #2, Mercer Island, WA - 1958 (8205)
Kirk, Blair, House #3, Mercer Island, WA - 1969-1970 (8211)
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Duplex House, 5521 25th Avenue NE, Ravenna, Seattle, WA - 1945 (15813)
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Duplex House, 5525 25th Avenue NE, Ravenna, Seattle, WA - 1945 (15819)
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Duplex House, 5529 25th Avenue NE, Ravenna, Seattle, WA - 1945 (15820)
Kirk, Paul Hayden, House, Bothell, WA - (14300)
Kirk, Spencer B. and Vine, House, Seattle, WA - (12080)
Kirk, Wallace, McKinley and Associates Architects, Office #2, Eastlake, Seattle, WA - (4901)
Lake Washington School District #414, Bell, Alexander Graham, Elementary School, Kirkland, WA - (8308)
Lakewood Community Church, Seattle, WA - (8207)
Loughlen House, Burien, WA - (8383)
Lundberg, Professor George A., House, Seattle, WA - 1947 (8384)
McNair-Price Clinic, Medford, OR - (8214)
Miller, Marble, and Kintner Clinic, West Seattle, Seattle, WA - (4697)
Moller, Hubert, House, Seahurst, Seattle, WA - 1955 (11409)
Norwood Village, 12123 SE 27th Street House, Bellevue, WA - 1950 (11062)
Norwood Village Houses, Bellevue, WA - 1950-1951 (11059)
Olson, Dr. Dale, and Bitts, Dr. Howard, Clinic, Marysville, WA - (14298)
Olson, Dr. Lowell, D.D.S., Dental Clinic, Seattle, WA - (8254)
Olympic View Community Church of the Brethren, Seattle, WA - 1948 (6002)
Overholt House, Seahurst, Seattle, WA - (11324)
Pelzel, Robert B. and Jane, House, Mercer Island, WA - 1960 (11058)
Physio-Control Corporation Headquarters, Redmond, WA - (8213)
Puget Sound Mutual Savings Bank, Branch, Ballard, Seattle, WA - 1975 (10914)
Putnam, John, House, Bellevue, WA - 1956 (8453)
Rader, Dr. Melvin, House, Seattle, WA - 1949 (6101)
Rosellinni, Dr. Leo, Clinic, Seattle, WA - (8204)
Russell, Paul, House, Mercer Island, WA - 1958 (16138)
Ryning, Robert and Virginia, House, Hunts Point, Medina, WA - 1952-1953 (14992)
San Juan International Camps, Main Lodge, Sperry Peninsula, Lopez Island, WA - 1946 (8443)
Schueler, Dr., House, Port Angeles, WA - 1947 (4615)
Seattle Public Library, Magnolia Branch #3, Seattle, WA - 1963-1964 (6408)
Seattle Public Schools, High Point Elementary School, West Seattle, Seattle, WA - (11556)
Seattle World's Fair, Fine Arts Pavilion, Seattle, WA - 1961-1962 (5969)
Seattle World's Fair, Parking Garage, Seattle, WA - 1961-1962 (5970)
Seattle World's Fair, Playhouse, Seattle, WA - 1961-1962 (5974)
Seattle World's Fair, Resident Theatre, Seattle, WA - 1961-1962 (8209)
Shorts, Calvin and Harriet, House, Bellevue, WA - 1956 (15439)
Simons, Langdon and Anne, House, Seattle, WA - 1961 (11314)
Skilling House, Seattle, WA - 1965 (8455)
Smith, John, Clinic, Seattle, WA - 1954-1955 (8452)
Sterling Apartments, Capitol Hill, Seattle, WA - 1955 (19179)
Svare, Larry, House, Juanita, WA - 1953 (19090)
Tavernite House, Seattle, WA - (18786)
United Control Corporation, Factory - (6415)
University of Washington, Seattle, Balmer, Thomas, Hall, Seattle, WA - 1962 (8382)
University of Washington, Seattle, Faculty Club #2, Seattle, WA - 1958-1960 (3652)
University of Washington, Seattle, MacKenzie, Donald, Hall, Seattle, WA - 1960 (8531)
University of Washington, Seattle, Red Square, Seattle, WA - (5850)
University of Washington, Seattle (UW), Meany Hall #2, Seattle, WA - 1974 (5851)
University of Washington, Seattle (UW), Odegaard, Charles, E., Undergraduate Library, Seattle, WA - 1972 (8208)
University of Washington, Seattle (UW), Residence Hall Unit #3, Seattle, WA - 1963 (12549)
University of Washington, Seattle (UW), Staff Employment Building, Seattle, WA - 1948 (9765)
University Unitarian Church #2, Seattle, WA - 1958-1959 (6064)
Washington State University (WSU), French, C. Clement, Administration Building, Pullman, WA - (8212)
Wayside Congregational Church, Federal Way, WA - c. 1960 (6425)
West Seattle Congregational Church, West Seattle, Seattle, WA - 1959-1960 (6416)
Wood Products Research House, Norwood Village, Bellevue, WA - 1960-1961 (13505)
Worthington House, Bellevue, WA - 1952 (16282)
Locations: Architect's Birth:
Salt Lake City, UT
USA
Architect's Death:
Seattle, WA
USA
Publications: "Donald S. Wallace AIA 10/24/1915 - 9/7/2004", AIA Seattle Architect, 34: 3, 5, 11-12/2004.
American Architects Directory 1962, second edition: 382, 1962.
"1965 A.I.A. Awards.", American Institute of Architects Journal, 44: 1, 07/1965.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 104-105, 08/1962.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 104, 08/1962.
"'Fortress' for Seattle", Architectural Forum, 119: 140-141, 1964-08/09.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 106-107, 08/1962.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 108-109, 08/1962.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 105, 08/1962.
"Rice's Experiment", Architectural Forum, 117: 13, 07/1962.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 106, 08/1962.
"Paul Kirk of Seattle", Architectural Forum, 117: 108, 08/1962.
"Religious Buildings", Architectural Record, 128: 137-156, 12/1960.
"The Fair Becomes Seattle Center", Architectural Record, 133: 2, 32-2 - 32-3, 02/1963.
"The Fair Becomes Seattle Center", Architectural Record, 133: 2, 32-2 - 32-3, 02/1963.
"The Fair Becomes Seattle Center", Architectural Record, 133: 2, 32-2 - 32-3, 02/1963.
"An Architect's Guidebook to the Seattle World's Fair", Architecture/West, 68: 4, 04/1962.
DOCOMOMO WeWA, Bellevue Modernism Tour Over the Bridge for Gracious Living, 12, 1956.
Johnston, Norman J., Campus Guide University of Washington, 92, 2001.
Johnston, Norman J., "Odegaard Undergraduate Library", Campus Guide University of Washington, 48, 2001.
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Sternberg, Eugene D., Doctors' Offices and Clinics, Medical and Dental, 1955.
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Sternberg, Eugene D., Doctors' Offices and Clinics, Medical and Dental, 156-157, 1955.
Kirk, Paul Hayden, Sternberg, Eugene D., Doctors' Offices and Clinics, Medical and Dental, 152-155, 1955.
"Magnolia Branch Award [for library architecture]", Flash, 24: 9, 1, 05/1966.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "House, 1950", Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 235, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "Jefferson Terrace, 1967", Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 148, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "House, 1957", Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 235, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 210, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State, 202, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally B., Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State An Environmental Perspective, 190, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, Guide to Architecture in Washington State An Environmental Perspective, 168, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "Michaelson Hall, 1969", Guide to Architecture in Washington State: An Environmental Perspective, 373, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "House, c. 1960", Guide to Architecture in Washington State: An Environmental Perspective, 235, 1980.
Woodbridge, Sally, Montgomery, Roger, "Randall Hall, 1969", Guide to Architecture in Washington State: An Environmental Perspective, 372, 1980.
"Sunset and AIA pick the seven best houses in the West: Every room in this house has its own special yard", House and Home, 96-99, 10/1957.
"Norwood Village : built by teamwork", House and Home, 2: 88-93, 1952-09.
"Library Buildings Award Program", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 46: 2, 45-46, 08/1966.
"How a group of determined Seattle veterans overcame obstacles to build their own community, Norwood Village", Living for Young Homemakers, 82-87, 09/1952.
"The House that states a new tradition in wood", Living for Young Homemakers, 43-72, 02/1961.
McCoy, Esther, "Northwest Roundup", Los Angeles Times, L11, 11/22/1953.
"Library site offer brightens prospect for new Magnolia branch ", Magnolia News, 1, 04/04/1962.
"Magnolia's library is growing", Magnolia News , 1-3, 01/20/1966.
"For a Fifty-Foot Lot", McCall's Book of Modern Houses, 140-144, 1951.
"Odd-Shaped Houses: A House on 4 Posts", NAHB Journal of Homebuilding, 122, 01/1961.
"High Point School, Seattle, Washington", Pencil Points, 26: 59-64, 04/1945.
"Camp Building Lopez Island, Washington", Progressive Architecture, 41-46, 03/1948.
"Ranch house, Moro, Ore.", Progressive Architecture, 38: 138-141, 05/1957.
"AIA Honor Awards", Progressive Architecture, 46: 7, 60, 07/1965.
"Faculty Center Building, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.", Progressive Architecture, 42: 114-121, 02/1961.
"Group of Three 2-Family Units Seattle, Washington", Progressive Architecture, 28: 7, 70-72, 07/1947.
"Laminated Posts with Glazing", Progressive Architecture, XLIV: 6, 120-121, 1963-06.
Report Camouflage Schools and Office of Civilian Defense Washington State Defense Council 1942-1943, 3-4, 1943.
Steinbrueck, Victor, Seattle Architecture 1850-1953, 38, 1953.
Steinbrueck, Victor, "Blair Kirk House", Seattle Architecture 1850-1953, 33, 1953.
"Seattle's 10 Greatest Homes Dowell Residence", Seattle Met, 46, 01/2012.
"Five Seattle Architects Given Honors", Seattle Times, 24, 1952-06-05.
Phillips, Margery R., "Quite a Transformation!", Seattle Times, 28-31, 1956-04-08.
"Talented Architects Win Top Recognition", Seattle Times, 26, 1952-09-14.
"Magnolia library wins award", Seattle Times, 45, 04/17/1966.
"Magnolia library architect chosen", Seattle Times, 11.
"Miss Richardson Becomes Bride of Mr. Paul Kirk", Seattle Times, 15, 1939-02-23.
"A Town House Which is Full of Surprises", Seattle Times Pacific Magazine, 04/24/1966.
"A New Home to Match a Coach House", Seattle Times Pacific Magazine, 27-37, 04/17/1966.
Mahoney, Sally Gene, "'Mr House has renown for more than just houses", Seattle Times Pacific Northwest Magazine, K13, 08/13/1978.
Veith, Thomas, Shaping Seattle Architecture A Historical Guide to the Architects, 278, 1994.
Johnston, Norman J. , University of Washington Campus Guide, 47, 2001.
Wick, Nancy, "Staffer is living in a legacy", University Week, 23: 24, 7, 04/20/2006.
"Paul Kirk Turns to Church Design", Western Architect and Engineer, 221: 4, front cover, 20-23, 04/1961.
Websites: 1930 United States Federal Census for Paul H Kirk (5801) 1940 United States Federal Census forPaul H Kerk (5804) About Our Congregation (1037) About the Magnolia Branch (1336) A History of The Henderson Camps and Camp Nor’wester (4978) AIA Seattle Honor Awards: projects cited 1950- (1797) AIA Seattle Medallist 1984: Paul Hayden Kirk FAIA (1409) Blakeley Clinic interior showing view of garden, Seattle, 1957 (1394) Blakeley Clinic interior showing waiting room, Seattle, 1957 (1395) Bowman residence exterior, Kirkland, 1956 (1378) Bowman residence exterior showing patio, Kirkland, 1956 (1377) Bowman residence exterior showing patio, Kirkland, 1956 (1376) Bowman residence interior showing fireplace, Kirkland, 1956 (1379) Bowman residence interior showing living and dining rooms, Kirkland, 1956 (1380) Buckley residence exterior, Medina, 1962 (1386) Buckley residence exterior, Medina, 1962 (1385) Buckley residence exterior, Medina, 1962 (1387) Buckley residence exterior showing deck, Medina, 1962 (1381) Buckley residence exterior showing landscaping, Medina, 1962 (1382) Buckley residence exterior showing ramp, Medina, 1962 (1383) Buckley residence exterior showing windows, Medina, 1962 (1384) Buckley residence interior showing bedroom, Medina, 1962 (1388) Buckley residence interior showing entrance to kitchen, Medina, 1962 (1389) Buckley residence interior showing fireplace, Medina, 1962 (1390) Buckley residence interior showing kitchen, Medina, 1962 (1391) Buckley residence interior showing kitchen, Medina, 1962 (1392) Buckley residence interior showing living room, Medina, 1962 (1393) Doctors Clinic of Lake City (Seattle, Wash.), rendering (2315) Foster Business Library News (3877) Historical Sites Summary for 1801 24th AVE (1791) Historical Sites Summary for 201 Mercer Street (4418) Historical Sites Summary for 301 Mercer St (1780) Kirk, Paul Hayden (1914 - 1995) (2909) Loughlen residence exterior, Burien, n.d. (1411) Lundberg residence exterior from side, n.d. (1412) Lundberg residence exterior, n.d. (1414) Lundberg residence exterior showing deck, n.d. (1413) Lundberg residence interior showing sitting room and dining area, n.d. (1415) Lundberg residence interior showing sitting room, n.d. (1420) Lundberg residence interior showing sitting room, n.d. (1418) Mahlum Legacy (2924) Modern Steel Construction Steel in the News: Former AISC Architectural Award Winner Celebrated (5859) University Unitarian Church Architect (1790) University Unitarian Church Architecture (1789) Washington State Death Records - Spencer B. Kirk - James Kirk - Mary Peasnall - Et Al. (5803)