Development of a taxonomy to describe massage treatments for musculoskeletal pain

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Development of a taxonomy to describe massage treatments for musculoskeletal pain

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dc.contributor.author Sherman, Karen J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Dixon, Marian W. en_US
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Diana en_US
dc.contributor.author Cherkin, Daniel C. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-21T15:49:16Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-21T15:49:16Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Sherman K, Dixon M, Thompson D, Cherkin D. Development of a taxonomy to describe massage treatments for musculoskeletal pain. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2006;6(1):24. en_US
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1472-6882-6-24 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/6/24 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773/15722
dc.description.abstract Background: One of the challenges in conducting research in the field of massage and bodywork is the lack of consistent terminology for describing the treatments given by massage therapists. The objective of this study was to develop a taxonomy to describe what massage therapists actually do when giving a massage to patients with musculoskeletal pain. Methods: After conducting a review of the massage treatment literature for musculoskeletal pain, a list of candidate techniques was generated for possible inclusion in the taxonomy. This list was modified after discussions with a senior massage therapist educator and seven experienced massage therapists participating in a study of massage for neck pain. Results: The taxonomy was conceptualized as a three level classification system, principal goals of treatment, styles, and techniques. Four categories described the principal goal of treatment (i.e., relaxation massage, clinical massage, movement re-education and energy work). Each principal goal of treatment could be met using a number of different styles, with each style consisting of a number of specific techniques. A total of 36 distinct techniques were identified and described, many of which could be included in multiple styles. Conclusion: A new classification system is presented whereby practitioners using different styles of massage can describe the techniques they employ using consistent terminology. This system could help facilitate standardized reporting of massage interventions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Grant # AT001584 from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, National Institutes of Health. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.title Development of a taxonomy to describe massage treatments for musculoskeletal pain en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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