The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs

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The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs

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dc.contributor.author Stewart, Jill R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gast, Rebecca J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Fujioka, Roger S. en_US
dc.contributor.author Solo-Gabriele, Helena M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Meschke, Scott en_US
dc.contributor.author Amaral-Zeettler, Linda A. en_US
dc.contributor.author del Castillo, Erika en_US
dc.contributor.author Polz, Martin F. en_US
dc.contributor.author Collier, Tracy K. en_US
dc.contributor.author Strom, Mark S. en_US
dc.contributor.author Sinigalliano, Christopher D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Moeller, Peter D. R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Holland, A. Fredrick en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-21T15:58:03Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-21T15:58:03Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Stewart J, Gast R, Fujioka R, et al. The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs. Environmental Health. 2008;7(Suppl 2):S3. en_US
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1476-069X-7-S2-S en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.ehjournal.net/content/7/S2/S3 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773/15790
dc.description.abstract Innovative research relating oceans and human health is advancing our understanding of diseasecausing organisms in coastal ecosystems. Novel techniques are elucidating the loading, transport and fate of pathogens in coastal ecosystems, and identifying sources of contamination. This research is facilitating improved risk assessments for seafood consumers and those who use the oceans for recreation. A number of challenges still remain and define future directions of research and public policy. Sample processing and molecular detection techniques need to be advanced to allow rapid and specific identification of microbes of public health concern from complex environmental samples. Water quality standards need to be updated to more accurately reflect health risks and to provide managers with improved tools for decision-making. Greater discrimination of virulent versus harmless microbes is needed to identify environmental reservoirs of pathogens and factors leading to human infections. Investigations must include examination of microbial community dynamics that may be important from a human health perspective. Further research is needed to evaluate the ecology of non-enteric water-transmitted diseases. Sentinels should also be established and monitored, providing early warning of dangers to ecosystem health. Taken together, this effort will provide more reliable information about public health risks associated with beaches and seafood consumption, and how human activities can affect their exposure to diseasecausing organisms from the oceans. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The National Science Foundation, The National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.title The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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