Evidence for decreased luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone pulse frequency in men with selective elevations of follicle-stimulating hormone

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Evidence for decreased luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone pulse frequency in men with selective elevations of follicle-stimulating hormone

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Title: Evidence for decreased luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone pulse frequency in men with selective elevations of follicle-stimulating hormone
Author: Bremner, William J.; Southworth, Molly B.; Gross, Kenneth M.; Matsumoto, Alvin M.
Abstract: To examine the hypothesis that the frequency of endogenous pulsatile LHRH stimulation controls the relative secretion of FSH and LH from the pituitary, we studied men with elevated FSH levels and normal LH levels to determine whether they have an altered frequency of pulsatile LHRH secretion compared to normal men. Because peripheral blood measurements of LHRH do not reflect the pulsatile characteristics of hypothalamic LHRH secretion, and it is generally accepted that the pulse frequency of LH secretion is an index of the frequency of endogenous LHRH pulsation, we used LH pulse frequency as the indicator of LHRH pulse frequency. Frequent blood sampling was performed to characterize LH pulse patterns in five men with selective elevations of FSH and seven age-matched normal men. Beginning at 0800-0930 h, blood samples were obtained every 10 min for 24 h through an indwelling iv catheter. Serum LH and FSH levels were measured by RIA in each sample, and the pattern of LH secretion was determined. Testosterone (T), estradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin, and free T were measured in a pooled serum sample from each man. Men with selective elevations of FSH had fewer LH pulses per 24 h (mean +/- SEM, 10.6 +/- 0.5) than the control group (12.9 +/- 0.6; P less than 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in LH pulse amplitude (23 +/- 4 vs. 17 +/- 3 ng/ml). There were no statistically significant differences in T (4.9 +/- 0.5 vs. 6.1 +/- 0.5 ng/ml), estradiol (23 +/- 7 vs. 31 +/- 5 pg/ml), sex hormone-binding globulin (7.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 7.7 +/- 1.2 ng bound dihydrotestosterone/ml), or free T (0.16 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.23 +/- 0.04 ng/ml) in these men vs. normal subjects. We conclude that 1) compared to normal men, men with selectively elevated FSH levels have decreased LH pulse frequency, which suggests decreased LHRH pulse frequency; and 2) the relative secretion rates of LH and FSH by the pituitary may be regulated by the frequency of pulsatile LHRH secretion from the hypothalamus.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1773/4340

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