Effects of aging on menstrual cycle hormones and endometrial maturation

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Effects of aging on menstrual cycle hormones and endometrial maturation

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Title: Effects of aging on menstrual cycle hormones and endometrial maturation
Author: Merino, Maria J.; Nieman, Lynnette K.; Zellmer, Ann W.; Bremner, William J.; Axiotis, Constantine; Batista, Marcelo C.; Cartledge, Tannia P.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in menstrual cycle hormones and endometrial maturation that may contribute to the decline in fertility with aging. DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical study. SETTING: Normal human volunteers in an academic research institution. SUBJECTS: Women with regular menstrual cycles. INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-two women, aged 20 to 30 or 40 to 50 years, had daily blood drawing starting on cycle day 6 to 10 and continuing until 2 days after the onset of next menses. In addition, 60 women, aged 20 to 30 or 40 to 50 years, had a total of 93 endometrial biopsies performed on day 7 to 9 after the LH surge. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serum LH, FSH, E2, inhibin, P, and placental protein 14 (PP14) levels and histologic maturation of the endometrium. RESULTS: Serum FSH levels were increased whereas inhibin concentrations were reduced in the luteal-follicular transition of women > 40 years. No other hormonal changes were seen in this population, including P and PP14 secretion. Disruption of endometrial maturation occurred at a similar frequency in both age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Follicular recruitment, but not luteal function or endometrial maturation, is disturbed in cycling women > 40 years and may contribute to the decline in fertility with aging.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1773/4420

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