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dc.contributor.authorHujoel, Philippeen_US
dc.contributor.authorHollender, Larsen_US
dc.contributor.authorBollen, Anne-Marieen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, John D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCunha-Cruz, Joanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcGee, Mollyen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrosso, Alexen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-21T15:54:46Z
dc.date.available2010-04-21T15:54:46Z
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.citationHujoel P, Hollender L, Bollen A, et al. Thyroid shields and neck exposures in cephalometric radiography. BMC Medical Imaging. 2006;6(1):6.en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1186/1471-2342-6-6en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2342/6/6en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1773/15764
dc.description.abstractBackground: The thyroid is among the more radiosensitive organs in the body. The goal of this study was twofold: (1) to evaluate age-related changes in what is exposed to ionizing radiation in the neck area, and (2) to assess thyroid shield presence in cephalometric radiographs Methods: Cephalometric radiographs at one academic setting were sampled and neck exposure was related to calendar year and patient's gender and age. Results: In the absence of shields, children have more vertebrae exposed than adults (p less than 0.0001) and females have more neck tissue exposed inferior to the hyoid bone than males (p less than 0.0001). The hyoid bone-porion distance increased with age (p less than 0.01). Thyroid shields were visible in 19% of the radiographs and depended strongly on the calendar year during which patient was seen (pvalue less than 0.0001). Compared to adults, children were less likely to wear thyroid shields, particularly between 1973 and 1990 (1.8% versus 7.3% - p-value less than 0.05) and between 2001 and 2003 (7.1% versus 42.9% - p-value less than 0.05). Conclusion: In the absence of a thyroid shield, children have more neck structure exposed to radiation than adults. In agreement with other reports, thyroid shield utilization in this study was low, particularly in children.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNIH/NIDCR T32DE07132.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThyroid shields and neck exposures in cephalometric radiographyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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