Expression of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen by CD8+ T cells specific for a skin-tropic virus

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Expression of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen by CD8+ T cells specific for a skin-tropic virus

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Title: Expression of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen by CD8+ T cells specific for a skin-tropic virus
Author: Koelle, David M.; Liu, Zhi; McClurkan, Christopher M.; Topp, Max S.; Riddell, Stanley R.; Pamer, Eric G.; Johnson, Andrew S.; Wald, Anna; Corey, Lawrence
Abstract: Virus-specific CD8+ T cells traffic to infected tissues to promote clearance of infection. We used herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) as a model system to investigate CD8+ T cell trafficking to the skin in humans. Using human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I tetramers, we observed that HSV-specific CD8+ T cells in the peripheral blood expressed high levels of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA). In contrast, CD8+ T cells specific for non–skin-tropic herpesviruses lacked CLA expression. CLA-positive HSV-2–specific CD8+ T cells had the characteristics of central memory cells, expressing CCR7, CD62L, and CD28, and they proliferated briskly in response to antigen. CLA is related to a functional E-selectin ligand, and both E-selectin and CLA-positive cells were detected in HSV-2–infected skin. HSV-2–specific T cells adhered to cells transfected with E-selectin. A higher proportion of HSV-specific CD8+ T cells recovered from herpes lesions express CLA compared with blood, consistent with a role for CLA in skin homing. To our knowledge, this is the first report of expression of tissue-specific adhesion-associated molecules by virus-specific CD8+ T cells. The evaluation of vaccines for skin and mucosal pathogens should include study of the induction of appropriate tissue-specific homing molecules.
URI: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/15537
http://hdl.handle.net/1773/15773

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