Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMalhotra, Umaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHolte, Sarahen_US
dc.contributor.authorDutta, Sujayen_US
dc.contributor.authorBerrey, M. Michelleen_US
dc.contributor.authorDelpit, Elizabethen_US
dc.contributor.authorKoelle, David M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSette, Alessandroen_US
dc.contributor.authorCorey, Lawrenceen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcElrath, M. Julianaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-21T15:57:14Z
dc.date.available2010-04-21T15:57:14Z
dc.date.issued2001-02-15en_US
dc.identifier.citationMalhotra U, Holte S, Dutta S, et al. Role for HLA class II molecules in HIV-1 suppression and cellular immunity following antiretroviral treatment. J Clin Invest. 2001;107(4):505-517.en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1172/JCI11275en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.jci.org/articles/view/11275en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1773/15784
dc.description.abstractHIV-1–infected patients treated early with combination antiretrovirals respond favorably, but not all maintain viral suppression and improved HIV-specific Th function. To understand if genetic factors contribute to this variation, we prospectively evaluated over 18 months 21 early-treated patients stratified by alleles of class II haplotypes. All seven subjects with the DRB1*13-DQB1*06 haplotype, but only 21% of other subjects, maintained virus suppression at every posttreatment measurement. Following HIV-1 p24 antigen stimulation, PBMCs from patients with this haplotype demonstrated higher mean lymphoproliferation and IFN-γ secretion than did cells from patients with other haplotypes. Two DRB1*13-restricted Gag epitope regions were identified, a promiscuous one that bound its putative restriction element with nanomolar affinity, and another that mapped to a highly conserved region. These findings suggest that class II molecules, particularly the DRB1*13 haplotype, have an important impact on virologic and immunologic responses. The advantage of the haplotype may relate to selection of key HIV-1 Th1 epitopes in highly conserved regions with avid binding to class II molecules. Eliciting responses to the promiscuous epitope region may be beneficial in vaccine strategies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNIH grants AI-41535, AI-01411, AI-30731, POICA-76466, and AI-27757.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleRole for HLA class II molecules in HIV-1 suppression and cellular immunity following antiretroviral treatmenten_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record