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The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs

Show simple item record Stewart, Jill R. en_US Gast, Rebecca J. en_US Fujioka, Roger S. en_US Solo-Gabriele, Helena M. en_US Meschke, Scott en_US Amaral-Zeettler, Linda A. en_US del Castillo, Erika en_US Polz, Martin F. en_US Collier, Tracy K. en_US Strom, Mark S. en_US Sinigalliano, Christopher D. en_US Moeller, Peter D. R. en_US Holland, A. Fredrick en_US 2010-04-21T15:58:03Z 2010-04-21T15:58:03Z 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Stewart J, Gast R, Fujioka R, et al. The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs. Environmental Health. 2008;7(Suppl 2):S3. en_US
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1476-069X-7-S2-S en_US
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.description.abstract Innovative research relating oceans and human health is advancing our understanding of diseasecausing organisms in coastal ecosystems. Novel techniques are elucidating the loading, transport and fate of pathogens in coastal ecosystems, and identifying sources of contamination. This research is facilitating improved risk assessments for seafood consumers and those who use the oceans for recreation. A number of challenges still remain and define future directions of research and public policy. Sample processing and molecular detection techniques need to be advanced to allow rapid and specific identification of microbes of public health concern from complex environmental samples. Water quality standards need to be updated to more accurately reflect health risks and to provide managers with improved tools for decision-making. Greater discrimination of virulent versus harmless microbes is needed to identify environmental reservoirs of pathogens and factors leading to human infections. Investigations must include examination of microbial community dynamics that may be important from a human health perspective. Further research is needed to evaluate the ecology of non-enteric water-transmitted diseases. Sentinels should also be established and monitored, providing early warning of dangers to ecosystem health. Taken together, this effort will provide more reliable information about public health risks associated with beaches and seafood consumption, and how human activities can affect their exposure to diseasecausing organisms from the oceans. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The National Science Foundation, The National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.title The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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