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dc.contributor.authorStewart, Jill R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGast, Rebecca J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFujioka, Roger S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSolo-Gabriele, Helena M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMeschke, Scotten_US
dc.contributor.authorAmaral-Zeettler, Linda A.en_US
dc.contributor.authordel Castillo, Erikaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPolz, Martin F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCollier, Tracy K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStrom, Mark S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSinigalliano, Christopher D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoeller, Peter D. R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHolland, A. Fredricken_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-21T15:58:03Z
dc.date.available2010-04-21T15:58:03Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.citationStewart J, Gast R, Fujioka R, et al. The coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs. Environmental Health. 2008;7(Suppl 2):S3.en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1186/1476-069X-7-S2-Sen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.ehjournal.net/content/7/S2/S3en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1773/15790
dc.description.abstractInnovative research relating oceans and human health is advancing our understanding of diseasecausing organisms in coastal ecosystems. Novel techniques are elucidating the loading, transport and fate of pathogens in coastal ecosystems, and identifying sources of contamination. This research is facilitating improved risk assessments for seafood consumers and those who use the oceans for recreation. A number of challenges still remain and define future directions of research and public policy. Sample processing and molecular detection techniques need to be advanced to allow rapid and specific identification of microbes of public health concern from complex environmental samples. Water quality standards need to be updated to more accurately reflect health risks and to provide managers with improved tools for decision-making. Greater discrimination of virulent versus harmless microbes is needed to identify environmental reservoirs of pathogens and factors leading to human infections. Investigations must include examination of microbial community dynamics that may be important from a human health perspective. Further research is needed to evaluate the ecology of non-enteric water-transmitted diseases. Sentinels should also be established and monitored, providing early warning of dangers to ecosystem health. Taken together, this effort will provide more reliable information about public health risks associated with beaches and seafood consumption, and how human activities can affect their exposure to diseasecausing organisms from the oceans.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe National Science Foundation, The National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe coastal environment and human health: microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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