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Assessing Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: an Impact-Based Method and Application to Drought in Washington State

Show simple item record Fontaine, Matthew M. 2011-08-10T23:36:35Z 2011-08-10T23:36:35Z 2007
dc.description.abstract This thesis presents a technique for performing vulnerability assessments, using measures of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Historically, vulnerability assessments have focused on analyzing the hazard itself, absent information on its causes and mitigations. The Vulnerability Assessment Method (VAM), presented herein, acquires data and heuristics from affected stakeholders to assess not only the hazard, but also the causes of vulnerability, potential for adaptation, previous impacts, and ways to mitigate future impacts. We apply the VAM to a case study of Washington State, assessing drought vulnerability across 34 sub-sectors. Results indicate highest vulnerability for dryland farmers, farmers with junior water rights, select fisheries, ski area operators, and the green industry. Through validation exercises, we demonstrate the VAM's internal consistency and broader applicability. Contributions of the VAM include its incorporation of stakeholder data, quantitative assessments of underlying components, and applicability to other areas and types of hazards. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation; Washington Department of Ecology; Washington Department of Community, Trade, and Economic Development en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Washington en_US
dc.rights Copyright is held by the individual authors. en_US
dc.subject drought en_US
dc.subject drought tolerance en_US
dc.subject water stress en_US
dc.subject Washington en_US
dc.subject environmental hazards en_US
dc.subject disasters en_US
dc.subject exposure assessment en_US
dc.subject risk assessment en_US
dc.subject model validation en_US
dc.subject risk reduction en_US
dc.title Assessing Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: an Impact-Based Method and Application to Drought in Washington State en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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