Patterns of obesogenic neighborhood features and residential property values

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Patterns of obesogenic neighborhood features and residential property values

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dc.contributor.advisor Drewnowski, Adam en_US
dc.contributor.author Cohen-Cline, Hannah en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-13T17:22:30Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-13
dc.date.submitted 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.other CohenCline_washington_0250O_10322.pdf en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773/20537
dc.description Thesis (Master's)--University of Washington, 2012 en_US
dc.description.abstract Obesity is a growing problem in the United States, and past research has investigated ways in which neighborhood characteristics may influence obesity prevalence. However, studying features of the obesogenic neighborhood can be difficult because of the need for complex multilevel analyses. Using data from the Seattle Obesity Study, a cross-sectional study of socioeconomic disparities in diet and health based on a representative sample of 2,001 adult residents of King County, WA, we examined property value as a new metric for capturing aspects of the built environment. We used regression analyses to examine the associations between property value and 22 total self-reported access to neighborhood amenities and perception of neighborhood characteristic variables, and further investigated the association between these neighborhood features and BMI. Eight of the 11 access to amenities variables and ten of the 11 neighborhood perception variables were associated with property values (p<0.001). The largest difference in property values due to access to amenities was associated with access to a convenience store ($60,000 lower property value); the largest differences in property value due to neighborhood perceptions was believing the neighborhood to be attractive, ($100,000 higher property value) and trusting the people in the neighborhood ($90,000 higher property value). We further found that the association between neighborhood features and BMI depended on gender. The data provide evidence that, because of its ability to capture complex information about the built environment, neighborhood perceptions, and socioeconomic status in a single metric, property values can be of great use in epidemiology studies. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject built enviornment; obesity; property value en_US
dc.subject.other Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject.other Epidemiology en_US
dc.title Patterns of obesogenic neighborhood features and residential property values en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.embargo.terms Delay release for 2 years -- then make Open Access en_US
dc.embargo.lift 2014-09-03T17:22:30Z


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