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dc.contributor.advisorHill, Karl G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBishop, Asia Sarahen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-13T17:28:46Z
dc.date.available2012-09-13T17:28:46Z
dc.date.issued2012-09-13
dc.date.submitted2012en_US
dc.identifier.otherBishop_washington_0250O_10461.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1773/20670
dc.descriptionThesis (Master's)--University of Washington, 2012en_US
dc.description.abstractHistorically, adolescent gang membership has had pervasive effects on society, with even greater effects falling on specific communities of color. There has been a significant amount of research aimed at attempting to understand why youth join gangs; however, there seems to be a disconnect between the literature on predictive factors of gang membership and the racial-ethnic stereotypes that are often perpetuated through popular media outlets. Popular media has often portrayed gang members as young, socially unattached African American males residing in urbanized areas. Although the role of race-ethnicity in gang membership appears salient throughout virtually all gang-related studies, findings regarding the notion of a racialized paradigm in relation to risk factors for adolescent gang involvement are severely limited. Therefore, this study examines the link between race and gang membership by revisiting the roles of childhood poverty and other environmental risks. Data used in this sample were drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP), a longitudinal study of positive and negative aspects of childhood and adolescent development. The racial effect seen in predicting gang membership was ultimately accounted for by childhood poverty and various neighborhood and familial factors. These findings suggest that popular media's depictions of who joins a gang and why are serving to perpetuate stereotypes without providing appropriate context into the complexity of our current gang problem; it is not one's racial-ethnic identity that creates and sustains gangs and related violence, but larger systemic issues that also need to be taken into consideration. Policy implications are drawn, which discuss the role of contemporary America's racialized society and its effects on current rates of gang membership and subsequent violence.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the individual authors.en_US
dc.subjectGang Membership; Media; Policy; Race; Risk Factors; Stereotypesen_US
dc.subject.otherSocial worken_US
dc.subject.otherSociologyen_US
dc.subject.otherPublic policyen_US
dc.subject.otherSocial work - Seattleen_US
dc.titleMoving Beyond Race: Revisiting the Roles of Childhood Poverty and Other Environmental Risks as Predictors of Adolescent Gang Membershipen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.embargo.termsNo embargoen_US


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