Horsemen from the Edge of Empire: The Rise of the Jurchen Coalition
Garcia, Chad Daniel
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This dissertation examines the formation and rise of the Jurchen Coalition under the leadership of the Anchuhu Wanyan clan during the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The Anchuhu Wanyan utilized their political and geographical position along the periphery of the Liao Dynasty in order to consolidate power among the many Jurchen groups of the northeast. It is well established that the Anchuhu Wanyan served the Liao Dynasty as enforcers of imperial rule within Jurchen territory. However, this role as a policing force for the empire was only part of their success in consolidating power among the other Jurchen tribes of the northeast. The early Anchuhu Wanyan leaders utilized diverse tactics to allow them to maintain a dual-façade as both servants and rivals of the Liao Empire. The expansion of the Jurchen Coalition brought them into conflict with various groups seeking to challenge their power. Many of these early conflicts were with rival Jurchen leaders who would often flee to the Liao Empire for political asylum. However, the Jurchen Coalition also had a major confrontation with the kingdom of Goryeo. The war between Goryeo and the Anchuhu Wanyan has largely been ignored in the literature and yet was a crucial event during the years immediately prior to the Jurchen invasion of the Liao Dynasty. Finally, the war with the Liao Empire and the earliest most crucial phase of invasion is examined along with potential answers to questions surrounding the motivations, and key factors of Jurchen success.
- History