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Productivity of Antarctic diatom Nitzschia lecointei with the addition of betaine under different salinities
In the Antarctic, psychrophilic diatoms such as Nitzschia lecointei maintain cell homeostasis under harsh conditions. These harsh conditions include salinity shifts from 35 to 212 (Krell 2006). In order to maintain homeostasis N. lecointei utilizes compatible solutes such as betaine ((CH3)3N+CH2COO-). Diatoms are able to ...