Elucidating signals that guide elongation of the Drosophila melanogaster dorsal-appendage tubes
Backman, Lara Beth
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The guidance of fully-formed multicellular tubes is critical to the formation of the vertebrate lungs and kidneys. Using the dorsal appendages (DAs) of developing <italic>Drosophila melanogaster</italic> eggs, I attempted to elucidate what signaling pathways guide formed tubes to their final morphology. I refined and modified an egg-culture based method for assaying DA development, as well as an RNAi-based approach to determine signaling molecules. The results showed that both members of the Wnt family of proteins, such as Wnt2, and Semaphorin-2b contribute to DA guidance in <italic>Drosopila melanogaster</italic> eggs. This knowledge will both help us better understand the formation of DAs in particular and begin to let us discover the mechanisms behind tube guidance in other contexts.