Differences in analgesia in opioid naïve and tolerant patients with sciatic nerve blockade following elective foot and ankle surgery
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1.1 Introduction and Purpose: Adequate postoperative analgesia in the opioid tolerant with chronic non-malignant pain is challenging. Multimodal pain relief regimens include regional anesthesia but opioid tolerant patients report increased postoperative pain and opioid consumption. This study compared analgesia in opioid naïve and tolerant patients receiving postoperative sciatic nerve blockade for foot and ankle surgery. 1.2 Method: Preoperative pain scores, trauma, maintenance and intraoperative opioid doses and following postoperative sciatic nerve blockade, patient self-reported pain scores and opioid consumption at discharge from the post-anesthesia unit and 24 hours were recorded. 1.3 Results: 191 patients enrolled. 40.3% were opioid tolerant and 33% had lower extremity trauma. Preoperative, immediate and delayed postoperative pain scores and intraoperative, immediate and 24 hour postoperative consumption of opioids were increased in opioid tolerant patients. Trauma and continuous infusion in opioid naïve and tolerant groups did not result in differences in 24 hour opioid consumption. 1.4 Limitations: Small subgroups and use of the pain score limited the accuracy of results. 1.5 Conclusion: Opioid tolerant patients require greater analgesic doses following sciatic nerve blockade for foot and ankle surgery. 24 hour opioid consumption for opioid naïve and tolerant patients is neither influenced by lower extremity injury nor continuous infusion.