Evaluation of the Relationship Between Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Grain-Size Distribution of Fluvio-Glacial Deposits, Puget Lowland, Washington
The relationship between saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) and grain-size distribution was evaluated for 49 sites underlain by either glacially over consolidated or normally consolidated fluvio-glacial deposits in the Puget Lowland. A linear regression comprising pairs of grain-size analyses and pilot infiltration tests predicts Ks with a 1 sigma uncertainty of a factor of about 3.5 with 70% of the population variance accounted for. The correlation coefficient R^2 of about 0.90 shows that there is a strong correlation between the grain-size distribution and Ks. In contrast, a widely applied analysis proposed by Massmann (2003) explains only 20% of the population variance for normally consolidated materials with an R^2 of only 0.15. That analysis entirely fails to explain the population variance for over consolidated materials. The method developed in this study is recommended for determination of Ks for fluvio-glacial deposits of the Puget Lowland.