Calculating the Uncertainty of a Structure from Motion (SfM) Model, Cadman Quarry, Monroe, Washington
Structure from Motion (SfM) is a new form of photogrammetry that automates the rendering of georeferenced 3D models of objects using digital photographs and independently surveyed Ground Control Points (GCPs). This project seeks to quantify the error found in Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) produced using SfM. I modeled a rockslide found at the Cadman Quarry (Monroe, Washington) because the surface is vegetation-free, which is ideal for SfM and Terrestrial LiDAR Scanner (TLS) surveys. By using SfM, TLS, and GPS positioning at the same time, I attempted to find the deviation in the SfM model from the TLS model and GPS points. Using the deviation, I found the Root-Mean-Square Error (RMSE) between the SfM DEM and GPS positions. The RMSE of the SfM model when compared to surveyed GPS points is 17cm. I propagated the uncertainty of the GPS points with the RMSE of the SfM model to find the uncertainty of the SfM model compared to the NAD 1984 datum. The uncertainty of the SfM model compared to the NAD 1984 is 27cm. This study did not produce a model from the TLS that had sufficient resolution on horizontal surfaces to compare to surveyed GPS points.