Observations of Joints Present in the Lawton Clay Member of the Vashon Stade, Exposed at a Coastal Bluff in Discovery Park, Seattle, Washington
Ong, Amanda Dovinh
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The southwest-facing coastal bluff present at Discovery Park, Seattle, Washington, displays distinctive joints throughout the exposed Lawton Clay Member. Exhibiting a characteristic local stratigraphy of permeable advance outwash over the impermeable proglacial lacustrine clay, this bluff is located in an area of Seattle at high risk from landslides. This project addressed the relationship between the joints observed at this coastal bluff and the coherency of the bluff as a whole, through remote sensing and field measurements. Aerial drone photography taken of the bluff was processed through a photogrammetry software to produce a 3-dimensional Structure from Motion model, allowing for a digital manipulation and broad examination of the bluff not possible by foot. Stereonet plots produced from these measurements provided insight into patterns of varying joint strike along a horizontal transect of the observed bluff face. Taken together, these two visualizations provided a better picture of the possible chicken-and-egg interaction of the joints and bluff topography; they demonstrated the likelihood that the joint formation at the bluff was most likely to be primarily influenced by the local topography of the bluff over other sources of possible tensional stress in the immediate area.