Experimental Nonlinear Dynamics and Snap-Through of Post-Buckled Thin Laminated Composite Plates
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Modern aerospace systems are increasingly being designed with composite panels and plates to achieve light weight and high specific strength and stiffness. For constrained panels, thermally-induced axial loading may cause buckling of the structure, which can lead to nonlinear and potentially chaotic behavior. When post-buckled composite plates experience snap-through, they are subjected to large-amplitude deformations and in-plane compressive loading. These phenomena pose a potential threat to the structural integrity of composite structures. In this work, the nonlinear dynamic behavior of post-buckled composite plates was investigated experimentally and computationally. For the experimental work, an electrodynamic shaker was used to apply harmonic loads and the dynamic response of plate specimens was measured using a single-point displacement-sensing laser, a double-point laser vibrometer (velocity-sensing), and a set of digital image correlation cameras. Both chaotic and periodic steady-state snap-through behaviors were investigated. The experimental data were used to characterize snap-through behaviors of the post-buckled specimens and their boundaries in the harmonic forcing parameter space. The nonlinear behavior of post-buckled plates was modeled using the classical laminated plate theory (CLPT) and the von Karman strain-displacement relations. The static equilibrium paths of the post-buckled plates were analyzed using an arc-length method with a branch-switching technique. For the dynamic analysis, the nonlinear equations of motion were derived based on CLPT and the nonlinear finite element model of the equations was constructed using the Hermite cubic interpolation functions for both conforming and nonconforming elements. The numerical analyses were conducted using the model and were compared with the experimental data.
- Civil engineering