Developing a Robust Survey Methodology for Collecting Information on the Port Truck Drayage Industry
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This paper describes the population characteristics in the drayage trucking population of the Port of Seattle as determined by the 2013 Truck Driver Survey. The 2013 Truck Driver Survey was created to give the Port of Seattle more information on the trip destinations, working conditions, equipment, and economics of truck drivers serving the Port of Seattle, so that policy makers creating regulations affecting trucking at the port could be better informed about the trucking population. The survey was a 44 question mail-back survey that was distributed at the Port of Seattle. The survey was distributed for eight days at all container terminals at the Port of Seattle, and got a 29% response rate. The majority of the trips to and from the Port of Seattle are for the local Seattle area (33%) and the Kent Valley (20%). Other trips are distributed to service areas throughout the State of Washington. Owner-operators were found to make more of the short trips, with employee drivers making more of the long trips. 62% of trucks at the Port of Seattle are more than 12 years old. These trucks will have to be replaced before 2015 to comply with the Port of Seattle Clean Trucks Program. The Port of Seattle has a diverse population, with 53% of drivers indicating that they did not speak English as a first language. Drivers who indicated that they didn’t speak English were about 50% from Africa, with South/Central America and Asia/Pacific Islands also having significant populations.