Job Accessibility, Commuting Time and Travel Complexity in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA)
Bautista, Dorian Antonio
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Transportation equity is an important dimension of urban sustainability. Specifically, the journey to work, which is still the main source of intra-urban trips in many cities around the world, is a key issue of urban transportation policy (Rode et al., 2014). This research aims to understand the relationship between urban structure and commuting patterns using the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) as case study. Two complementary approaches are followed, one at Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ) level and the other at individual-level analyzing the commuting trip patterns in a weekday. The first approach analyzes spatial variation in job accessibility in MCMA using two indicators (Gravity-based accessibility and the indicator developed by Shen, 1998) to determine the relative impact of location and mode choice of transportation (Chapter 2). Spatial regressions are applied to determine the relation between one-way Average Commute Time (ACT) and Job accessibility (Chapter 3). In the second approach, the unit of analysis is the traveler to work, aiming to understand how the relation of commute on travel complexity is driven by urban structure (Chapter 4). Overall, the results of this project offer evidence to support the identification of priority areas and groups of people to target specific transport policies to improve equity. They also offer insights to better understand the driven forces of trip chaining patterns of commuters in the context of the Global South.
- Urban planning