Browsing Applied mathematics by Title
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Climate Response to Solar Variation: Cyclic and Secular
(20130225)The radiation emitted by the Sun varies both cyclically and secularly. We first study in this thesis the response of the Earth's temperature to the 11year solar cycle at the surface and in the troposphere. Then we study ... 
Closing the Loop: Optimal Stimulation of Neuronal Networks via Adaptive Control Algorithms
The Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) worm is a wellstudied biological organism model. The nervous system of C. elegans is particularly appealing to study, since it is a tractable fully functional neuronal network for ... 
Collective Activity in Neural Networks: the Mathematical Structure of Connection Graphs and Population Codes
Correlated, or synchronized, spiking activity among pairs of neurons is widely observed across the nervous system. How do these correlations arise from the dynamics of neural networks? The interconnectivity of neurons is ... 
Coordinated neural activity: Mechanistic origins and impact on stimulus coding
How does the activity of populations of neurons encode the signals they receive? Since neurons in vivo are inherently variable, each fixed input to a population will elicit not a deterministic response, but rather a ... 
Data assimilation problems in glaciology
Rising sea levels due to mass loss from Greenland and Antarctica threaten to inun date coastal areas the world over. For the purposes of urban planning and hazard mitigation, policy makers would like to know how much ... 
Dimensionality hyperreduction and machine learning for dynamical systems with varying parameters
This work demonstrates methods for hyper reduction and efficient computation of solutions of dynamical systems using optimization and machine learning techniques. We consider nonlinear partial differential equations that ... 
Dynamic, convex, and robust optimization with Bayesian learning for responseguided dosing
Medical treatment commonly involves the administration of drug doses at multiple timepoints. Intuitively, the higher the doses, the higher the likelihood of disease control as well as the risk of adverse effects and of ... 
Energy and Charge Transfer in Open Plasmonic Systems
Coherent and collective charge oscillations in metal nanoparticles (MNPs), known as localized surface plasmons, offer unprecedented control and enhancement of optical processes on the nanoscale. Since their discovery in ... 
ETGETL Portfolio Optimization
(20130225)Modern Portfolio Theory dates back to 1950s, when Markowitz proposed meanvariance portfolio optimization to construct portfolios. It provided a systematic approach to determine portfolio allocation when one is facing ... 
Exploiting Low Dimensionality in Nonlinear Optics and Other Physical Systems
(20120913)Dimensionality reduction techniques have long been used in a number of fields including nonlinear optics and fluid dynamics. Regardless of the specific technique, the underlying idea is to generate a reduced order model ... 
Finite Volume Methods for the Multilayer Shallow Water Equations with Applications to Storm Surges
(20110711)Coastal hazards related to strong storms such as hurricanes and typhoons are one of the most frequently recurring and wide spread hazards to coastal communities. Storm surges are among the most devastating effects of these ... 
Finite volume methods for Tsunamis genereated by submarine landslides
(20140430)Submarine landslides can generate tsunamis, and the generated waves can be catastrophic when a large volume of landslide material is involved. Moreover, large earthquakes are often accompanied by submarine landslides that ... 
Geographic Range Shifts under Climate Warming
(20130725)Rapid climate warming has caused species across the globe to shift their geographic ranges, and ecologists are increasingly concerned about whether species are able to track climate warming. Early efforts to predict species ... 
The immersed interface method: a numerical approach for partial differential equations with interfaces
(1994)This thesis describes the Immersed Interface Method (IIM) for interface problems, in which the partial differential equations have discontinuities and singularities in the coefficients and the solutions. A typical example ... 
Integrating DataDriven Methods in Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Control, Sparsity and Machine Learning
The goal of my thesis is to provide a theoretical demonstration of how dimension reduc tion, control and machine learning techniques can be applied to optimize the performance of complex nonlinear systems. Specifically, ... 
Interface Problems using the Fokas Method
Interface problems for partial differential equations are initial boundary value problems for which the solution of an equation in one domain prescribes boundary conditions for the equations in adjacent domains. These ... 
Lagrangian coherent structures and the dynamics of inertial particles
Dynamics of inertial particles in twodimensional planar flow have been investigated by evaluating finitetime Lyapunov exponents (FTLE). The first part of our work deals with inertial particle dynamics. The MaxeyRiley ... 
Machine learning and data decompositions for complex networked dynamical systems
Machine learning has become part of our daily lives. Its applications include personalized advertisements, stock price predictions, and selfdriving cars. The goal of this thesis is to study ways to apply machine learning ... 
Mathematical modeling of focal axonal swellings arising in traumatic brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases
There is a broad need in the neuroscience, neurological and biomedical engineering communities to better classify, quantify and diagnose Focal Axonal Swellings (FAS) and their impact on cognitive deficits and/or neural ... 
Mathematical Models for Facilitated Diffusion and the Brownian Ratchet
(20110831)In this dissertation, mathematical models for two biophysically related topics are investigated: facilitated diffusion and the Brownian ratchet. Both phenomena exhibit counterintuitive behavior: in the case of facilitated ...