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Constraining storm-scale forecasts of deep convective initiation with surface weather observations
Successfully forecasting when and where individual convective storms will form remains an elusive goal for short-term numerical weather prediction. In this dissertation, the convective initiation (CI) challenge is considered as a problem of insufficiently resolved initial conditions and dense surface weather observations are ...
Contributions of Dense Pressure Observations to Mesoscale Analyses and Forecasts
In an effort to improve the analysis and subsequent short-term forecast of mesoscale phenomena, the assimilation of dense surface pressure observations is examined using an ensemble Kalman filter. Over the Pacific Northwest, an order of magnitude more regularly-reporting pressure observations than the standard METAR network ...