The positive semidefinite (psd) rank of a nonnegative <italic>p</italic> × <italic>q</italic> matrix <italic>M</italic> is defined to be the smallest integer <italic>k</italic> such that there exist <italic>k</italic> × ...
Let <italic>k</italic> be a field and <italic>B</italic> either a finitely generated free <italic>k</italic>-algebra, or a regular <italic>k</italic>-algebra of global dimension two with at least three generators, generated ...
This thesis studies the <italic>hydrodynamic limit</italic> and the <italic>fluctuation limit</italic> for a class of interacting particle systems in domains. These systems are introduced to model the transport of positive ...
One of the major themes of random matrix theory is that many asymptotic properties of traditionally studied distributions of random matrices are <italic>universal</italic>. We probe the edges of universality by studying ...
We construct new examples of self-shrinking solutions to mean curvature flow. We first construct an immersed and non-embedded sphere self-shrinker. This result verifies numerical evidence dating back to the 1980's and shows ...
In this thesis we introduce and study Brownian motion with or without drift on state spaces with varying dimension. Starting with a concrete such state space that is the plane with an infinite pole on it, we construct a ...
In this thesis we present three problems. The first problem is to find a good description of the number of fixed points of a 231-avoiding permutation. We use a bijection from Dyck paths to 231-avoiding permutations that ...
This thesis develops a theory of arithmetic Fourier-Mukai transforms in order to obtain results about equivalences between the derived category of Calabi-Yau varieties over non-algebraically closed fields. We obtain answers ...
A crowning achievement of Number theory in the 20th century is a theorem of Wiles which states that for an elliptic curve E over <bold>Q</bold> of conductor N, there is a non-constant map from the modular curve of level N ...
In 2007 Sami Assaf introduced dual equivalence graphs as a method for demonstrating that a quasisymmetric function is Schur positive. The method involves the creation of a graph whose vertices are weighted by Ira Gessel's ...
The Loewner differential equation, a classical tool that has attracted recent attention due to Schramm-Loewner evolution (SLE), provides a unique way of encoding a simple 2-dimensional curve into a continuous 1-dimensional ...
We define graded group schemes and graded group varieties and develop their theory. We give a generalization of the result that connected graded bialgebras are graded Hopf algebra. Our result is given for a broader class ...
We classify all connected Hopf algebras up to p^3 dimension over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p>0 under the mild restriction such that in dimension p^3, we only work over odd primes p when the primitive ...
Rational pairs, recently introduced by Kollár and Kovács, generalize rational singularities to pairs (X,D). Here X is a normal variety and D is a reduced divisor on X. Integral to the definition of a rational pair is the ...
In this thesis we do the first steps towards a non-Q-Gorenstein Minimal Model Program. We extensively study non-Q-factorial singularities, using the techniques introduced by [dFH09]. We introduce a new class of singularities, ...
In this thesis we develop the theory of Local Set Approximation (LSA), a framework which arises naturally from the study of sets with singularities. That is, we describe the local structure of a set A in Euclidean space ...
Inverse problems arise in various areas of science and engineering including medical imaging, computer vision, geophysics, solid mechanics, astronomy, and so forth. A wide range of these problems involve elliptic operators. ...
A fundamental invariant of a permutation is its inversion set, or diagram. Natural machinery in the representation theory of symmetric groups produces a symmetric function from any finite subset of <bold>N</bold><super>2</super>, ...
A conformally balanced tree is an embedding of a given planar map into the plane with constraints on the harmonic measure of its edges such that the resulting set is unique up to scale and rotation. Bishop (2013) showed ...
This thesis studies bootstrap percolation, a problem in probability, as well as several topics in the application of sums of squares to combinatorial optimization. In the chapter on percolation, we bound the critical ...