Browsing Mathematics by Issue Date
Now showing items 4160 of 109

On special Lagrangian equations
(20140224)In this paper we study the special Lagrangian equation and related equations. Special Lagrangian equation originates in the special Lagrangian geometry by HarveyLawson [HL1]. In subcritical phases, we construct singular ... 
LamWilliams Markov chains on symmetric groups
(20140224)This paper reviews the current state of the LamWilliams conjectures on a multivariate Markov chain on the symmetric group S_n. We start with Lam's work on random core partitions which led to a remarkable Markov chain on ... 
Combinatorial Laguerre Series
(20140224)We develop a method for counting words subject to various restrictions by finding a combinatorial interpretation for a product of weighted sums of Laguerre polynomials. We describe how such a series can be computed by ... 
Four Problems in Probability and Optimization
(20140224)This thesis studies bootstrap percolation, a problem in probability, as well as several topics in the application of sums of squares to combinatorial optimization. In the chapter on percolation, we bound the critical ... 
Some cohomology of finite general linear groups
We prove that the degree r(2p − 3) cohomology of any (untwisted) finite group of Lie type over F_(p^r), with coefficients in characteristic p, is nonzero as long as its Coxeter number is at most p. We do this by providing ... 
Inverse Problems for Scalar Elliptic Equations and Systems
In this thesis, we discuss inverse boundary value problems for scalar equations and for systems. First we introduce the famous Calder\'on problem and its recent developments. We focus on deriving the stability estimate of ... 
Alternate Approaches to the Cup Product and Gerstenhaber Bracket on Hochschild Cohomology
The Hochschild cohomology $HH^\bullet(A)$ of an algebra $A$ is a derived invariant of the algebra which admits both a graded ring structure (called the cup product) and a compatible graded Lie algebra structure (called the ... 
Matrix free methods for large scale optimization
Sequential quadratic optimization (SQP) methods are widely used to solve largescale nonlinear optimization problems. We build two matrixfree methods for approximately solving exact penalty subproblems that arise when ... 
Competing Brownian Particles
Consider a finite system of N Brownian particles on the real line. Rank them from bottom to top: the (currently) lowest particle has rank 1, the second lowest has rank 2, etc., up to the top particle, which has rank N. The ... 
Sheaves on support varieties and varieties of elementary subalgebras
We present several results about two closely related types of objects: the projectivized scheme $\PG$ of one parameter subgroups of an infinitesimal group scheme $G$ and the variety $\bE(\fg)$ of maximal elementary subalgebras ... 
Convex Optimization over Probability Measures
The thesis studies convex optimization over the Banach space of regular Borel measures on a compact set. The focus is on problems where the variables are constrained to be probability measures. Applications include ... 
On numerics and inverse problems
In this thesis, two projects in inverse problems are described. The first concerns a simple mathematical model of synthetic aperture radar with undirected beam, modeled as a 2D circular Radon transform with centers restricted ... 
Spectral Theory of Z^d Substitutions
In this paper, we generalize and develop results of Queffelec allowing us to characterize the spectrum of an aperiodic substitution in Z^d by describing the Fourier coefficients of mutually singular measures of pure type ... 
The Zeros of Elliptic Curve Lfunctions: Analytic Algorithms with Explicit Time Complexity
Elliptic curves are central objects of study in modernday algebraic number theory. The problem of how to determine the rank of a rational elliptic curve is a difficult one, and at the time of the writing of this thesis ... 
FiniteDifference Methods for SecondOrder Wave Equations with Reduced Dispersion Errors
Finite Difference (FD) schemes have been used widely in computing approximations for partial differential equations for wave propagation, as they are simple, flexible and robust. However, even for stable and accurate ... 
Some Linear and Nonlinear Geometric Inverse Problems
Inverse problems is an area at the interface of several disciplines and has become a prominent research topic due to its potential applications. A wide range of these problems can be formulated under various geometric ... 
The C*algebra of a finite T_0 topological space
We are concerned with the following motivating question: how can one extend the classical GelfandNaimark theorem to the simplest nonHausdorff topological spaces? Our model space is a finite $T_0$ topological space, or ... 
A Survey of Tverberg Type Problems
Tverberg's theorem, which celebrates its fiftieth anniversary this year, is a central result in the fields of discrete geometry and topological combinatorics. Proved in 1966, it was a major step in solving questions whether, ... 
Geometry and Optimization of Relative Arbitrage
This thesis is devoted to the mathematics of volatility harvesting, the idea that extra portfolio growth may be created by systematic rebalancing. First developed by E. R. Fernholz in the late 90s and the early 2000s, ... 
Cornered Asymptotically Hyperbolic Metrics
This thesis considers asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds that have a finite boundary in addition to the usual infinite boundary – cornered asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds. A theorem of CartanHadamard type near infinity ...