Now showing items 68-87 of 107

    • On the g2-number of various classes of spheres and manifolds 

      Zheng, Hailun
      For a $(d-1)$-dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta$, we let $f_i=f_i(\Delta)$ be the number of $i$-dimensional faces of $\Delta$ for $-1\leq i\leq d-1$. One classic problem in geometric combinatorics is the following: ...
    • On the Geometry of Rectifiable Sets with Carleson and Poincare-type inequlaities 

      Merhej, Jessica
      A central question in geometric measure theory is whether geometric properties of a set translate into analytical ones. In 1960, E. R. Reifenberg proved that if an $n$-dimensional subset $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^{n+d}$ is well ...
    • On the mod 2 general linear group homology of totally real number rings 

      Harris, Julianne S. (Julianne September) (1997)
      We study the mod 2 homology of the general linear group of rings of integers in totally real number fields. In particular, for certain such rings R, we construct a space JKR and show that the mod 2 homology of JKR is a ...
    • The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Process In Neural Decision-Making: Mathematical Foundations And Simulations Suggesting The Adaptiveness Of Robustly Integrating Stochastic Neural Evidence 

      Wojnowicz, Michael Thomas (2013-02-25)
      This master's thesis reviews the concepts behind a stochastic process known as the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Process, and then uses that process as a way to investigate neural decision making. In particular, MATLAB simulations ...
    • Path algebras and monomial algebras of finite GK-dimension as noncommutative homogeneous coordinate rings 

      Holdaway, Cody
      This thesis sets out to understand the categories QGr A where A is either a monomial algebra or a path algebra of finite Gelfand-Kirillov dimension. The principle questions are: \begin{enumerate} \item What is the structure ...
    • Permutation diagrams in symmetric function theory and Schubert calculus 

      Pawlowski, Brendan
      A fundamental invariant of a permutation is its inversion set, or diagram. Natural machinery in the representation theory of symmetric groups produces a symmetric function from any finite subset of <bold>N</bold><super>2</super>, ...
    • Polynomials in Multiview Geometry 

      Aholt, Christopher (2013-04-17)
      We study multiview geometry and some of its applications through the use of polynomials. A three-dimensional world point gives rise to n ≥ 2 two-dimensional projections in n given cameras. The object of focus in this ...
    • The Positive Semidefinite Rank of Matrices and Polytopes 

      Robinson, Richard
      The positive semidefinite (psd) rank of a nonnegative <italic>p</italic> × <italic>q</italic> matrix <italic>M</italic> is defined to be the smallest integer <italic>k</italic> such that there exist <italic>k</italic> × ...
    • Problems in Algebraic Vision 

      Lee, Hon Leung
      This thesis studies several fundamental mathematical problems that arise from computer vision using techniques in algebraic geometry and optimization. Chapters 2 and 3 consider the fundamental question of the existence of ...
    • Problems in computational algebra and integer programming 

      Bogart, Tristram, 1980- (2007)
      This thesis is a compendium of several projects that span the gap between commutative algebra and geometric combinatorics: one in tropical geometry, one in computational algebra, and two in discrete geometry and integer ...
    • Qualitative stability properties of matrices 

      Bone, Terrence (1985)
      A matrix A is sign stable if some matrix with the same sign pattern of positive, negative, and zero entries has all eigenvalues with negative real parts. It is potentially stable if it is not sign unstable. The system A x ...
    • The Radiative Transfer Equation in Photoacoustic Imaging 

      Patrolia, Lee (2013-07-25)
      Photoacoustic tomography is a rapidly developing medical imaging technique that combines optical and ultrasound imaging to exploit the high contrast and high resolution of the respective individual modalities. Mathematically, ...
    • Random recursion 

      Junge, Matthew S.
      We study the limiting behavior of three stochastic processes. Two are interacting particle systems, the frog model and coalescing random walk. We work out transience and recurrence properties on various graphs. The last ...
    • The regularity of Loewner curves 

      Tran, Huy Vo
      The Loewner differential equation, a classical tool that has attracted recent attention due to Schramm-Loewner evolution (SLE), provides a unique way of encoding a simple 2-dimensional curve into a continuous 1-dimensional ...
    • Results on singularities of pairs 

      Prelli, Lorenzo
      Singularities of algebraic varieties have been studied extensively, and recently also the properties of singularities of pairs have been investigated. This thesis presents several results on singularities of different kinds ...
    • Self-shrinking Solutions to Mean Curvature Flow 

      Drugan, Gregory
      We construct new examples of self-shrinking solutions to mean curvature flow. We first construct an immersed and non-embedded sphere self-shrinker. This result verifies numerical evidence dating back to the 1980's and shows ...
    • Selmer groups for elliptic curves with isogenies of prime degree 

      Mailhot, James Michael (2003)
      The Mordell-Weil theorem states that the points of an elliptic curve defined over a number field form a finitely generated, abelian group. The rank of this group, generally referred to as the rank of the elliptic curve, ...
    • Sheaves on support varieties and varieties of elementary subalgebras 

      Stark, James
      We present several results about two closely related types of objects: the projectivized scheme $\PG$ of one parameter subgroups of an infinitesimal group scheme $G$ and the variety $\bE(\fg)$ of maximal elementary subalgebras ...
    • Shimura Degrees for Elliptic Curves over Number Fields 

      Deines, Alyson Laurene
      A crowning achievement of Number theory in the 20th century is a theorem of Wiles which states that for an elliptic curve E over <bold>Q</bold> of conductor N, there is a non-constant map from the modular curve of level N ...
    • Smoothness of Loewner Slits 

      Wong, Chun Wai Carto (2013-02-25)
      In this dissertation, we show that the chordal Loewner differential equation with C^{beta} driving function generates a C^{beta + 1/2} slit for 1/2 < beta <= 2, except when beta = 3/2 the slit is only proved to be weakly C^{1,1}.