Browsing Mathematics by Title
Now showing items 3958 of 96

Interacting particle systems with partial annihilation through membranes
This thesis studies the <italic>hydrodynamic limit</italic> and the <italic>fluctuation limit</italic> for a class of interacting particle systems in domains. These systems are introduced to model the transport of positive ... 
Inverse BoundaryValue Problems on an Infinite Slab
In this work, we study the stability aspect of two inverse boundaryvalue problems (IBVPs) on an infinite slab with partial data. The uniqueness aspects of these IBVPs were considered and studied by Li and Uhlmann for the ... 
Inverse Problems for Scalar Elliptic Equations and Systems
In this thesis, we discuss inverse boundary value problems for scalar equations and for systems. First we introduce the famous Calder\'on problem and its recent developments. We focus on deriving the stability estimate of ... 
An Inverse Source Problem in Radiative Transfer
(20130225)We consider the inverse source problem for the radiative transfer equation, under various assumptions on the scattering and absorption parameters, as well as on the accessible data. In such a setup, we measure the outgoing ... 
Inverse transport with angularly averaged measurements
(2008)The inverse problem in radiative transfer is considered. The measurement setup involves controlling incoming radiation at the boundary of a convex domain in Rn and measuring the outgoing radiation in an attempt to ... 
Isolated Curves for Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptography
(20130225)We introduce the notion of isolated genus two curves. There is no known efficient algorithm to explicitly construct isogenies between two genus two curves with large conductor gap. Thus there is no known way of transporting ... 
LamWilliams Markov chains on symmetric groups
(20140224)This paper reviews the current state of the LamWilliams conjectures on a multivariate Markov chain on the symmetric group S_n. We start with Lam's work on random core partitions which led to a remarkable Markov chain on ... 
Local cohomology at generic singularities of Schubert varieties in cominuscule flag varieties
(20120913)We study the local cohomology of a Schubert variety in a cominuscule flag variety at a generic singularity. Let $G$ be a reductive complex algebraic group with a Borel subgroup $B$, let $W$ be the Weyl group of $G$ with ... 
Local Set Approximation: Infinitesimal to Local Theorems for Sets in Euclidean Space and Applications
In this thesis we develop the theory of Local Set Approximation (LSA), a framework which arises naturally from the study of sets with singularities. That is, we describe the local structure of a set A in Euclidean space ... 
Markov chain mixting time, card shuffling and spin systems dynamics
(20130725)The mixing time of a Markov chain describes how fast the Markov chain converges to its stationary distribution. In this thesis, we survey some of the knowledge and main tools available in this field by looking at examples. ... 
Markov partitions for hyperbolic toral automorphisms
(1992)The study of the dynamical properties of hyperbolic toral automorphisms is simplified when the automorphisms are represented as shifts of finite type. The conventional method used to represent such an automorphism symbolically ... 
Mathematical Aspects of Gerrymandering
(20131114)Every 10 years the United States performs a census, and this census determines how many members of congress will represent each state. Then begins an unfortunate battle, as cartographers manipulate the boundaries for ... 
Matrix free methods for large scale optimization
Sequential quadratic optimization (SQP) methods are widely used to solve largescale nonlinear optimization problems. We build two matrixfree methods for approximately solving exact penalty subproblems that arise when ... 
Noninterior pathfollowing methods for complementarity problems
(1998)Because of its excellent numerical performance, noninterior path following methods (also called smoothing methods) have become an important class of methods for solving complementarity problems. However, no rate of ... 
The nonexistence of certain free prop extensions and capitulation in a family of dihedral extensions of Q
(1996)$\doubz\sbsp{p}{d}$extensions are a natural way to extend Iwasawa's theory of $\doubz\sb{p}$extensions. A further extension would be to look at free prop extensions which though nonabelian, can be studied by looking at ... 
Nonholonomic EulerPoincaré equations and stability in Chaplygin's sphere
(2000)A method of reducing several classes of nonholonomic mechanical systems that are defined on semidirect products of Lie groups is developed. The method reduces the Lagranged'Alembert principle to obtain a reduced constrained ... 
On fvectors of polytopes and matroids
The fvector of a simplicial complex is a fundamental invariant that counts the number of faces in each dimension. A natural question in the theory of simplicial complexes is to understand the relationship between the ... 
On numerics and inverse problems
In this thesis, two projects in inverse problems are described. The first concerns a simple mathematical model of synthetic aperture radar with undirected beam, modeled as a 2D circular Radon transform with centers restricted ... 
On Particle Interaction Models
(20140224)This dissertation deals with three problems in Stochastic Analysis which broadly involve interactions, either between particles (Chapters 1 and 2), or between particles and the boundary of a C2 domain (Chapter 3). In Chapter ... 
On Selmer groups and factoring padic Lfunctions
Samit Dasgupta has proved a formula factoring a certain restriction of a 3variable RankinSelberg padic Lfunction as a product of a 2variable padic Lfunction related to the adjoint representation of a Hida family and ...