Browsing Mathematics by Title
Now showing items 5675 of 107

Noninterior pathfollowing methods for complementarity problems
(1998)Because of its excellent numerical performance, noninterior path following methods (also called smoothing methods) have become an important class of methods for solving complementarity problems. However, no rate of ... 
Nonlocal operators, jump diffusions and FeynmanKac tranforms
Nonlocal operators are analytically defined by integrals over the whole space, hence hard to study certain properties. This thesis studies inverse local times at $0$ of onedimensional reflected diffusions on $[0, ... 
The nonexistence of certain free prop extensions and capitulation in a family of dihedral extensions of Q
(1996)$\doubz\sbsp{p}{d}$extensions are a natural way to extend Iwasawa's theory of $\doubz\sb{p}$extensions. A further extension would be to look at free prop extensions which though nonabelian, can be studied by looking at ... 
Nonholonomic EulerPoincaré equations and stability in Chaplygin's sphere
(2000)A method of reducing several classes of nonholonomic mechanical systems that are defined on semidirect products of Lie groups is developed. The method reduces the Lagranged'Alembert principle to obtain a reduced constrained ... 
Novel uses of the Mallows model in coloring and matching
A natural model of a highly ordered random ranking is the Mallows model. Disorder is measured by the number of inversions; these are pairs of elements whose order is reversed. The Mallows model assigns to each ranking of ... 
On fvectors of polytopes and matroids
The fvector of a simplicial complex is a fundamental invariant that counts the number of faces in each dimension. A natural question in the theory of simplicial complexes is to understand the relationship between the ... 
On numerics and inverse problems
In this thesis, two projects in inverse problems are described. The first concerns a simple mathematical model of synthetic aperture radar with undirected beam, modeled as a 2D circular Radon transform with centers restricted ... 
On Particle Interaction Models
(20140224)This dissertation deals with three problems in Stochastic Analysis which broadly involve interactions, either between particles (Chapters 1 and 2), or between particles and the boundary of a C2 domain (Chapter 3). In Chapter ... 
On Selmer groups and factoring padic Lfunctions
Samit Dasgupta has proved a formula factoring a certain restriction of a 3variable RankinSelberg padic Lfunction as a product of a 2variable padic Lfunction related to the adjoint representation of a Hida family and ... 
On singularities of generic projection hypersurfaces
(2006)The present work studies singularities of hypersurfaces arising from generic projections of smooth projective varieties, in the context of Du Bois and semi log canonical singularities. It is demonstrated that Du Bois ... 
On special Lagrangian equations
(20140224)In this paper we study the special Lagrangian equation and related equations. Special Lagrangian equation originates in the special Lagrangian geometry by HarveyLawson [HL1]. In subcritical phases, we construct singular ... 
On TSemisimplicity of Iwasawa Modules and Some Computations with Z3Extensions
For certain Zpextensions of abelian number fields, we study the Iwasawa module associated to the ideal class groups. We show that generic Zpextensions of abelian number fields are Tsemisimple. We also construct the ... 
On the g2number of various classes of spheres and manifolds
For a $(d1)$dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta$, we let $f_i=f_i(\Delta)$ be the number of $i$dimensional faces of $\Delta$ for $1\leq i\leq d1$. One classic problem in geometric combinatorics is the following: ... 
On the Geometry of Rectifiable Sets with Carleson and Poincaretype inequlaities
A central question in geometric measure theory is whether geometric properties of a set translate into analytical ones. In 1960, E. R. Reifenberg proved that if an $n$dimensional subset $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^{n+d}$ is well ... 
On the mod 2 general linear group homology of totally real number rings
(1997)We study the mod 2 homology of the general linear group of rings of integers in totally real number fields. In particular, for certain such rings R, we construct a space JKR and show that the mod 2 homology of JKR is a ... 
The OrnsteinUhlenbeck Process In Neural DecisionMaking: Mathematical Foundations And Simulations Suggesting The Adaptiveness Of Robustly Integrating Stochastic Neural Evidence
(20130225)This master's thesis reviews the concepts behind a stochastic process known as the OrnsteinUhlenbeck Process, and then uses that process as a way to investigate neural decision making. In particular, MATLAB simulations ... 
Path algebras and monomial algebras of finite GKdimension as noncommutative homogeneous coordinate rings
This thesis sets out to understand the categories QGr A where A is either a monomial algebra or a path algebra of finite GelfandKirillov dimension. The principle questions are: \begin{enumerate} \item What is the structure ... 
Permutation diagrams in symmetric function theory and Schubert calculus
A fundamental invariant of a permutation is its inversion set, or diagram. Natural machinery in the representation theory of symmetric groups produces a symmetric function from any finite subset of <bold>N</bold><super>2</super>, ... 
Polynomials in Multiview Geometry
(20130417)We study multiview geometry and some of its applications through the use of polynomials. A threedimensional world point gives rise to n ≥ 2 twodimensional projections in n given cameras. The object of focus in this ... 
The Positive Semidefinite Rank of Matrices and Polytopes
The positive semidefinite (psd) rank of a nonnegative <italic>p</italic> × <italic>q</italic> matrix <italic>M</italic> is defined to be the smallest integer <italic>k</italic> such that there exist <italic>k</italic> × ...