Browsing Statistics by Title
Now showing items 2847 of 47

Modeling Heterogeneity within and between Matrices and Arrays
(20131114)Datasets in the form of matrices and arrays arise frequently in the social and biological sciences and are characterized by measurements indexed by two or more factors. In this dissertation we address two problems relating ... 
Monte Carlo estimation of identity by descent in populations
Genetic similarity between organisms arises from segments of shared genome, which are said to be identical by descent (IBD). Modeling IBD in pedigrees forms the basis of classical linkage analysis and has been a fruitful ... 
Monte Carlo likelihood calculation for identity by descent data
(1999)Two individuals are identical by descent at a genetic locus if they share the same gene copy at that locus due to inheritance from a recent common ancestor. Identity by descent can be thought of as a continuous process ... 
Phylogenetic Stochastic Mapping
Phylogenetic stochastic mapping is a method for reconstructing the history of trait changes on a phylogenetic tree relating species/organisms carrying the trait. Stateoftheart methods assume that the trait evolves ... 
Portfolio Optimization with Tail Risk Measures and NonNormal Returns
(20100820)The traditional Markowitz meanvariance portfolio optimization theory uses volatility as the sole measure of risk. However, volatility is flawed both intuitively and theoretically: being symmetric it does not differentiate ... 
Predictive Modeling of Cholera Outbreaks in Bangladesh
Despite seasonal cholera outbreaks in Bangladesh, little is known about the relationship between environmental conditions and cholera cases. We seek to develop a predictive model for cholera outbreaks in Bangladesh based ... 
Probabilistic Population Projection for Countries with Generalized HIV/AIDS Epidemics
Population projection has long been an issue for researchers, governments and international organizations so that they can monitor and plan development and resources. The United Nation Population Division (UNPD) publishes ... 
Projection and Estimation of International Migration
I propose techniques for improving both estimation and projection of international migration. By applying a Bayesian hierarchical modeling approach to net migration data, I produce projections of international migration ... 
Rsquared inference under nonnormal error
Assessment of the relationship between diet and health status, especially association between diet and chronic disease risk, has attracted lot of research interest in statistical and epidemiologic studies. However, due to ... 
Rsquared inference under nonnormal error
Assessment of the relationship between diet and health status, especially association between diet and chronic disease risk, has attracted lot of research interest in statistical and epidemiologic studies. However, due to ... 
A resampling approach to clustering with confidence
(20120913)We propose a method for estimating the number of groups in a data set. Our method is an extension of Generalized Single Linkage clustering (GSL) (Stuetzle and Nugent 2010), a nonparametric clustering method based on the ... 
Robust estimation of factor models in finance
(2005)Standard assetpricing models entail expressions for expected returns in terms of coefficients relative to risk factors. Methods to estimate premiums of risk factors have, at its core, a single or multiple linear regression ... 
ShapeConstrained Inference for ConcaveTransformed Densities and their Modes
(20131114)We consider inference about functions estimated via shape constraints based on concavity. We consider logconcave densities and other “concavetransformed” densities on the real line, where a concavetransformed class is ... 
SpaceTime Smoothing Models for Surveillance and Complex Survey Data
Area and timespecific estimates of disease rates, causespecific mortality rates and other key health indicators are of great interest for health care and policy purposes. Such estimates provide the information needed to ... 
Statistical Hurdle Models for Single Cell Gene Expression: Differential Expression and Graphical Modeling
This dissertation describes a set of statistical methods developed for analysis of single cell gene expression. A characteristic of single cell expression is bimodal expression, in which two clusters of expression are ... 
Statistical inference using Kronecker structured covariance
(20131114)We present results for testing and estimation in the context of separable covariance models. We concentrate on two types of data: relational data and crossclassified data. Relational data is frequently represented by a ... 
Testing Independence in High Dimensions & Identifiability of Graphical Models
In this thesis two problems in multivariate statistics will be studied. In the first chaper, we treat the problem of testing independence between m continuous observations when m can be larger than the available sample ... 
Tests for Differences between Least Squares and Robust Regression Parameter Estimates and Related Topics
(20130417)At the present time there is no well accepted test for comparing least squares and robust linear regression coefficient estimates. To fill this gap we propose and demonstrate the efficacy of two Waldlike statistical tests ... 
Theory and Methods for Tensor Data
We present novel methods and new theory in the statistical analysis of tensorvalued data. A tensor is a multidimensional array. When data come in the form of a tensor, special methods and models are required to capture ... 
The weighted likelihood bootstrap and an algorithm for prepivoting
(1991)The method of bootstrapping, which has transformed the theory and practice of frequentist statistical inference, is applicable within the Bayesian paradigm. Rather than simulating data that might have been observed, this ...