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Early characteristics of young siblings of children with autism

Show simple item record Toth, Karen Elizabeth en_US 2009-10-06T22:57:49Z 2009-10-06T22:57:49Z 2007 en_US
dc.identifier.other b58539463 en_US
dc.identifier.other 180722727 en_US
dc.identifier.other Thesis 57396 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2007. en_US
dc.description.abstract Background. Studies are needed to better understand the broad autism phenotype in young siblings of children with autism, and to identify areas of impairment, so that interventions can begin at as young an age as possible. Method. Multiple measures were used to examine cognitive, adaptive, social communication, social-emotional functioning, imitation, play, and language abilities in 42 non-autistic siblings and 20 toddlers with no family history of autism, ages 18-27 months. Results. Siblings had lower mean receptive language and adaptive behavior skills, lower overall rates of social communication and social-emotional functioning, and used fewer words, distal gestures, responsive social smiles, and pointing during social interactions. Additionally, parents reported social impairments in siblings by 13 months of age. In other domains, such as imitation and play, siblings performed similarly to controls. Conclusions. These results suggest that certain aspects of language and social communication are affected at an early age in young non-autistic siblings. As such, the development of such children should be closely monitored by parents and professionals, with appropriate interventions implemented as needed. en_US
dc.format.extent vi, 93 p. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.rights Copyright is held by the individual authors. en_US
dc.rights.uri For information on access and permissions, please see en_US
dc.subject.other Theses--Psychology en_US
dc.title Early characteristics of young siblings of children with autism en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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