Holographic Tools for Probing the Dynamics of Strongly Coupled Field Theories
Fuini, John Frank
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Since it was conjectured almost 20 years ago, AdS/CFT duality, or holography, has enabled steady progress in understanding certain gauge theories in the strongly coupled limit. In this thesis we examine various aspects of holography and holographic techniques, as well as particular applications to the dynamics of strongly coupled plasmas. We discuss the energy loss of general probe defects in generic holographic plasmas and the lifetime of quasinormal modes of sufficiently short-wavelength in a strongly coupled \Nfour\ Super Yang-Mills (SYM) plasma. We then perform a thorough investigation of the far-from-equilibrium dynamics of the SYM plasma, focusing on how the presence of large magnetic fields or chemical potentials affect the timescale of equilibration. Finally we discuss some non-relativistic directions by finding a covariant construction of Lagrangians for spinor fields in generic Newton-Cartan backgrounds via a non-relativistic reduction, which may assist in the construction of non-relativistic versions of holography.
- Physics